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sunlight skunk seeds

Sunlight skunk seeds
This is why October came to be known as “Croptober” by US ganja farmers. September and October are the months when it’s time to harvest across most of the Northern Hemisphere. Daily hours of sunlight might be on the verge of sliding into single digits in the far north already. And don’t forget, “Winter is coming”. Rains will spoil fat colas with mould. Sometimes it’s safer to harvest a little early if you expect the weather to take a turn for the worse. Celebrate and harvest before you lose the light to long nights of winter.

How Much Sunlight Do Outdoor Cannabis Plants Need To Grow?

Sunlight is the perfect spectrum of light for marijuana. If you plan on growing cannabis outdoors, you need to understand how and why sunlight is the most precious natural resource. In this blog, we break down everything you need to know to start using the sun as your grow light.

HOW MUCH SUNLIGHT FOR PHOTOPERIOD CANNABIS?

Photoperiod cannabis strains are conventional short-day marijuana that requires a 12-12 light cycle. This simply means 12 hours of light followed by 12 hours of darkness to bloom. Indoor growers use a timer to set the standard 18-6 light schedule for vegetative growth too. Of course, there are many variations, and some growers prefer a continuous 24 hours of light. Cannabis can survive with as few as 6 hours of daily sunlight. But we like to see weed thrive, so we get started outdoors when the days are longest.

Outdoors, mother nature is in control. However, by studying her habits, we have learned when and where to grow the best natural marijuana. After the spring equinox, the days will grow longer until the summer solstice, when the hours of daylight begin to decrease. Long nights are what triggers photoperiod cannabis to flower. Without the sudden switch to 12-12, this will be a more gradual transition outdoors. The hours of natural sunlight decrease by a few minutes per week.

HOW MUCH SUNLIGHT FOR AUTOFLOWERING CANNABIS?

All autoflowering cannabis strains are not created equal, but they do have one thing in common; the clock is counting down to harvest day the moment an autoflower sprouts. These days, this means your plant will complete her lifecycle within 8–12 weeks. Essentially, autos begin to flower somewhere between day 25–35 post-germination.

Unlike photoperiod cannabis, which takes its cue from the sun, an autoflowering cannabis strain does not require long, uninterrupted dark periods to bloom. The contemporary autoflowering hybrid prefers longer days, but can cope better than the average photoperiod with interruptions and weaker sunlight. Moreover, street lights and the neighbour’s sensor light won’t confuse them into reverting to vegetative growth like they would a photoperiod. Autos are more versatile and biologically programmed to transition to bloom by week 5.

THE OUTDOOR GROWING SEASONS EXPLAINED

OK, so we all understand the Earth is orbiting the sun. But it’s not the distance between the Earth and the sun that’s responsible for the change in the seasons. It’s an elliptical orbit, so the distance actually varies. The seasons change because the Earth’s spinning around sort of on a slant.

The planet’s axis is tilted at an angle of approximately 23.4 degrees. And this is what causes the North Pole to tilt toward the sun during the summer months June, July, and August in the Northern Hemisphere. Meanwhile, it’s winter during this same period in the Southern Hemisphere.

SPRING

Sometime after the spring equinox and before the end of April is the best time to get started with photoperiod cannabis strains across the Mediterranean. The days will be long and the temperatures warm enough for most varieties, from heavy indicas like Northern Lights to super sativas like Amnesia Haze, and everything in between. Plants will grow to enormous proportions and have a lengthy natural vegetative growth phase. Most autos are also a viable option for an early harvest.

These are not the same climatic conditions as most of Northern Europe in the springtime. At least not yet. Extreme weather like hail and snow is not uncommon even in March. Long, overcast days and freezing temperatures are not conducive to outdoor cannabis cultivation.

SUMMER

Southern European growers will see their mature photoperiod plants burst into bloom during the summer months. By late-August, weed trees of Critical and Shining Silver Haze will be positively bud-laden. Alternatively, if you started with a hardy, skunky auto like Royal Dwarf or Quick One, you could be planning your second summer crop of gourmet autos like Royal Cookies Automatic or Royal Gorilla Automatic.

Further north, you might just be getting started. By the summer solstice, a natural change occurs. After this apex of the sun’s motion the days get shorter and the nights longer. Photoperiod strains will grow smaller and bloom sooner after this point. Autos will also be more squat. Yields can still be high, provided plants get plenty of direct daily sunlight and nighttime temps don’t dip below 10°C. Fast-flowering strains like Royal Cheese and Candy Kush Express will complete the bloom phase in shorter northern summers. Royal Bluematic can also deliver a tasty stash in a hurry from a sunny balcony.

AUTUMN

Rage, rage against the dying of the light” —Dylan Thomas

This is why October came to be known as “Croptober” by US ganja farmers. September and October are the months when it’s time to harvest across most of the Northern Hemisphere. Daily hours of sunlight might be on the verge of sliding into single digits in the far north already. And don’t forget, “Winter is coming”. Rains will spoil fat colas with mould. Sometimes it’s safer to harvest a little early if you expect the weather to take a turn for the worse. Celebrate and harvest before you lose the light to long nights of winter.

WINTER

As they say in the mafia, “Fuuget About It!” Halloween is more or less the unofficial final curtain for cannabis cultivation in the Northern Hemisphere. Winter chronic is a fugazi!

JUMPSTART THE CROP INDOORS

No matter when or where you plan to grow outdoors, it helps to jumpstart the crop indoors if possible. If you have an indoor grow-op, or even just a cool white 200W CFL lamp, you can at least start the grow with an optimal 18-6 vegetative cycle for a couple of weeks. Once seedlings or clones have rooted, they stand a much greater chance of surviving the elements outdoors.

Sunlight skunk seeds
Genetics hold the key to your cannabis seeds’ potential and that’s a fact. No matter what miracle nutrient formulation you apply or how perfectly you maintain the garden, results will be genetics-driven. If you start with bunko beans, don’t expect huge yields of high-grade. Only by carefully choosing high-quality, feminized seeds can the cannabis grower avoid the low-ceiling limitations of weak genetics. Outdoor cannabis cultivation requires an even more rigorous selection process.

Choosing Outdoor Seeds To Grow In Your Climate

What kind of cannabis you choose to cultivate and where you sow the seeds will dictate your outdoor crop’s performance. Our breakdown of the perfect strains for each climate zone will help you grow fire marijuana throughout spring, summer, and autumn.

GENETICS: THE NO.1 CRITICAL FACTOR OF CANNABIS CULTIVATION

Genetics hold the key to your cannabis seeds’ potential and that’s a fact. No matter what miracle nutrient formulation you apply or how perfectly you maintain the garden, results will be genetics-driven. If you start with bunko beans, don’t expect huge yields of high-grade. Only by carefully choosing high-quality, feminized seeds can the cannabis grower avoid the low-ceiling limitations of weak genetics. Outdoor cannabis cultivation requires an even more rigorous selection process.

These days, the vast majority of cannabis strains on the market have been specifically adapted and bred for indoor cultivation. Sure, in theory, any weed can grow anywhere. But in practice, this is absolutely not the case with all cannabis varieties. Most marijuana will thrive in a sunny southern climate. However, plenty of outstanding, hardy strains can be cultivated in cooler, northern latitudes.

It’s time to get our hands dirty with some old-school marijuana cropping in the great outdoors. Match up the right cannabis with the local climate and you’ve taken the first step on the route to a successful outdoor harvest.

CLIMATE ZONES: HOW MUCH SUN WILL THE GARDEN GET?

Job number one is to establish how much daily sunlight your cannabis plants are likely to receive during the growing season. Once you know the timeframe you have to work with, you can begin to consider which strains are the best fits. Keep an eye on the local weather forecast and do a little online research. Find accurate data on hours of daily sunlight, sunrise and sunset times, temperatures day and night, prevailing winds, and precipitation frequency.

Perhaps you are based somewhere around the Mediterranean. If so, you have the luxury of growing late-blooming sativas outdoors from around April to Croptober. Maybe you are living in Northern Europe and only have a short Spring/Summer 8-10 week window to squeeze in some tough ruderalis. Or you could be somewhere in the middle and need versatile hybrids for a summer crop.

COOL NORTHERN LATITUDES

Northern European growers from the west coast of Ireland to eastern Poland need to go with cannabis strains that can survive in less-than-perfect conditions. Photoperiod and autoflowering strains bred to thrive in colder climates can produce top-shelf quality outdoors if you time the crop right. No marijuana is invincible.

Remember to reference weather data before choosing your seeds. If you find yourself limited to less than 3 months total crop time, you really only have the time for a Quick One or some Easy Bud sometime during Spring/Summer. Use pots and you can even take your plants inside if the weather turns for the worse. Precipitation can be frequent and year-round in these parts.

HOT, DRY INTERIOR CLIMATE

Southern European growers have a huge advantage over northern growers. An abundance of sunshine facilitates a long growing season that can be productive from March-November. The possibilities are endless. It really comes down to which kind of sticky green is your personal favourite.

Beginner growers can gain experience with some gourmet warm climate autoflowering varieties. In fact, the next-generation RQS auto hybrids are also a great option for more experienced growers looking to double-crop in a single season. Royal Haze Automatic and Northern Light Automatic immediately spring to mind as winners in a warm climate. All you have to decide is whether you prefer indica or sativa-leaning stash.

It would be a shame not to dabble with some fire photoperiod strains in a warmer climate. Some organic, soil-cultivated OG Kush or Sour Diesel will take your cannabis garden into flavour country. Of course, 2m+ jolly green giant ganja trees are going to be productive, so why not go for the best of the best red-hot strains? Shade, rather than shelter from rain may be required. Be sure to check the weather data. Watch out for heatwaves.

WARM-WET COASTAL CLIMATE

Sun, sea, and outstanding outdoor sinsemilla. If you are living around the Mediterranean, you are also spoiled with choices. Although, cropping cannabis strains resistant to bud mould is probably advisable, especially if you’re a novice cultivator. Unfortunately, thick, tight colas and high humidity don’t mix.

At least some sativa genetics in the mix is recommended, if not outright high-calibre Hazes like Amnesia Haze or Shining Silver Haze. The slightly looser flower formation and greater tolerance for humidity make sativa hybrids or sativa-leaning autos the perfect choice for the coastal cultivator. Sure, sativa genetics will add a few weeks to bloom. Even for auto hybrids. But you’ve got from April-Croptober. You might as well use this time to crop the finest headstash.

But don’t get too complacent with sativa genetics as they too can succumb to mould and fungus. Check the weather data and be at the ready to harvest from September onward, should the rain come early.

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