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popping cannabis seeds

Popping cannabis seeds
Although the germination of cannabis seeds is a relatively quick and easy process, it is crucial to take into account a series of important factors in order to obtain as high a germination rate as possible. In addition, it’s in our interest that the seeds germinate as quickly as possible, and especially if we want to avoid problems like fungal infection or a low germination rate.

5 common mistakes when germinating cannabis seeds

How do we germinate cannabis seeds?

Although the germination of cannabis seeds is a relatively quick and easy process, it is crucial to take into account a series of important factors in order to obtain as high a germination rate as possible. In addition, it’s in our interest that the seeds germinate as quickly as possible, and especially if we want to avoid problems like fungal infection or a low germination rate.

In our article on how to germinate cannabis seeds we explain step by step what you must do to achieve successful germination. Today we will take a look at the main mistakes made during this process, some simple errors that, as we will see, can easily be solved. Let’s see where many growers fail to germinate their seeds, it’s a great way to learn what not to do if we want to make the most of our seeds.

A germinating cannabis seed

Letting the germination medium dry out

By placing the seed in a moist culture medium, it begins a series of reactions that will lead to germination in a few hours or days. Whichever substrate we choose for germination, we must ensure that it never completely dries out, because as the seed stops absorbing moisture, it’s likely that the seed will cease its activity and never germinate.

For this reason, it is advisable to check every day to make sure the germination medium remains moist, especially if a heat source is used to achieve a higher temperature and therefore a better germination rate; the heat will cause the substrate to dry more quickly, something that must be kept in mind to avoid nasty surprises. In case of hydroponic cultivation it is always better to germinate in rock wool cubes, which of course must always remain moist.

The paper towel should never dry out once germination begins

Leaving seeds to germinate for too long

Another common mistake, in this case when germinating in kitchen paper or similar, is to let the seed germinate until the cotyledons appear. If we do this, then the subsequent transplant is very difficult, and it is very likely that we’ll damage the root in the attempt. Additionally, the longer the root is exposed to air and light, the more damage will result, so it is preferable to transplant it before this occurs.

To avoid problems, it is best to plant the seeds when the tap-root measures approximately 1cm, or 2cm at the most. This will make it much easier to transplant and we won’t harm the development of the roots, which can be expand into the new growing medium without setbacks.

Direct germination in soil

This is a common mistake that usually results in non-germination, especially if the substrate hasn’t been previously watered before sowing the seed but is watered afterwards. By planting the seed directly in the substrate, we run the risk of it being buried too deep, made worse when we irrigate the growing medium post-sowing.

To obtain much better results, first germinate seeds in kitchen paper, jiffy pellets or peat plugs used for rooting cuttings and then transplant them to the soil or to a pot once the small seedlings have been born. Another benefit of this method is that we can germinate a large number of seeds in a very small space, such as a small greenhouse, which will make it much easier to provide the correct temperature and humidity.

Temperature and humidity for germination

Cannabis seeds germinate correctly with relatively high temperature and humidity values. It will be necessary, especially during some seasons of the year, to use some source of heat to get a temperature of about 26-28ºC. For this purpose there are many options on the market, such as thermal cables or heated greenhouses. The latter are particularly interesting because they also provide the perfect high humidity environment for seed germination.

The ideal is to maintain the germination medium at about 26-28ºC and at 70% relative humidity. Lower values ​​will result in a slower and less successful germination, while higher values ​​can bring fungal or rot problems.

A heated greenhouse is perfect for germinating seeds

Planting the seed incorrectly

If you look closely at a cannabis seed, you will notice that it has a slightly oval shape, ending in a point at one end and forming a small “crater” at the other end, which is called the crown. When planting your seed (whether it’s a seed that you want to germinate, for example, in a jiffy, or a seed already germinated on kitchen paper that you want to transplant) you must keep in mind that this crown should always be facing upwards.

So, you should plant the seed with the tip down and the crown uppermost and facing you. Once the seed germinates the crown will serve as a hinge, so that the seed will open at the tip and let out the root. In case of placing the seed incorrectly, the tap root will grow upward and the seedling downwards, which should be avoided at all costs because it is likely that the seedling will not be born.

Planting at the incorrect depth

Too often the seed is buried too deep (a problem that we have already seen in case of watering after planting the seed), so the seedling may never emerge. In the other case, if we sow too close to the surface, we can find that the seed germinates well but the stem grows weak, bending and not allowing the seedling to develop correctly.

To avoid these problems it is be best to sow the seed at about 2cm depth. In addition, we can cover the lower stem as the seedling grows, so that it gains stability and produces new roots along the length of stem we have buried. In this way we can accelerate the growth of the plants.

We should plant the seed with the root downwards

Planting several seeds in the same pot

Although it may be tempting, germinating several seeds in the same container is not usually successful. In addition to the difficulty of correctly planting several seeds in the same pot, once they are born they will compete for the little space available for their roots. Having restricted root growth does not suit cannabis plants, which will grow more weakly and with greater internodal distance.

In addition, the scarce space between the plants will also mean they will compete for available light, something not recommended if we want to get the most out of each plant. The plants will produce very little lateral branching, and will center their growth on a weak main stem, with too long an internodal distance, factors that usually affects negatively on the final yield of buds.

We hope that this article will help you avoid problems when germinating your seeds, it can be very frustrating to start a grow with all the enthusiasm and excitement, only to run into problems straight away! Do not hesitate to leave us any doubts, comments or your own tips and tricks, we’ll be happy to answer you.

To ensure that your seedlings start their life off on the right foot, it is important to ensure that the environment is optimal. The temperature, humidity and soil quality are all variables that are important to control. The pH in the water is also an important variable.

Cannabis Seeds Germination Troubleshooting Guide

At Royal Queen Seeds, we are proud to offer you this step-by-step guide to troubleshooting the germination process of our cannabis seeds.

Our hope is that we can help you detect, and even prevent, some of the most common problems that can occur when germinating our seeds. Thankfully, when you chose our seeds, we guarantee the quality, eliminating the most common variable.

QUALITY GUARANTEE

Every step of the way, we hold our breeders to the utmost scrutiny. We inspect every step of the production and packaging system. Our seeds are selected by hand. Even healthy seeds are frequently rejected simply because they are smaller than average or have an unusual shape.

We also pre-test every batch of every strain of our seeds. This means that every mother plant is screened and tested to eliminate bad batches. If germination is not perfect, the seeds do not get sold.

Then, we ship using methods that eliminate many of the risks. For example, every package must be signed for. This keeps the seeds from being exposed to extreme temperatures, being mishandled during shipping and much more.

Unfortunately, after that, it is up to the consumer to use proper methods to germinate the seeds. Thankfully, we offer a germination kit that is perfect for cannabis. We also offer the following tips to ensure the optimal germination and growth of your seedlings.

ENSURE A PROPER ENVIRONMENT

To ensure that your seedlings start their life off on the right foot, it is important to ensure that the environment is optimal. The temperature, humidity and soil quality are all variables that are important to control. The pH in the water is also an important variable.

Many people mistakenly assume that this means they should use some sort of mini-greenhouse. Unfortunately, this is the most common reason that germination fails. Thankfully, we offer an Easy Start Kit that works perfectly to eliminate many of the problems growers face.

It is also important to note here that soaking or sprouting the seeds in water or wet tissue is not recommended. Because our seeds are of the highest quality, this actually lowers your chance of getting healthy plants. Using our kit is the best way to maximize the number of healthy seedlings.

TROUBLESHOOTING SEEDLINGS

After your seedlings have sprouted but before they are full-fledged plants, many things can still go wrong. They can grow too tall and skinny, they can fall over or the seed casing can get stuck. Thankfully, most of these things can be easily fixed in the present and prevented in the future.

TALL SKINNY SEEDLINGS

The most common problem is seedlings that grow too tall and skinny. The most common reason for this is the insufficient light. To fix, simply move the plant to an area with better light and then support the seedlings so that they can regain their strength.

DAMPENING OFF

Another common problem is seedlings that begin growing well and then simply fall over. It will look as though the stem simply gave out. This is caused by a fungal infection called dampening off. Unfortunately, there is no treatment for this ailment. Ensuring that soil is free of fungus and controlling variables like temperature and humidity are controlled are the only ways to ensure prevention in future seedlings.

SEED CASING DID NOT DETACH

When the seed casing does not detach, the seed was not placed deep enough in the soil. It can also be caused by soil that is too dry. To fix, simply spritz the plant with mineral water. After waiting a few moments, ease the casing off. In the future, this can be prevented by planting the seed deeper and ensuring that the soil stays moist.

TRANSFERRING

Once the seedlings are established, they can be transferred to the growth medium of choice. This should be done when the plants reach a height of two to three centimeters. When using our Easy Start Kit, you can simply cut the pots apart and place each pot into their long-term placement.

We hope that this guide has been helpful. When germination is successful, you will begin to see results in about 7 days. After that, it is simply a matter of counting down until your harvest.

Remember, if you have any questions, you can contact us via phone, email, Facebook or the contact form on our website. Our experts are always ready and willing to help you with any problems you may have. Good luck!