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marijuana from seed to plant

Marijuana from seed to plant
After seeds have germinated, it’s time to plant them into the pots. Plant the seeds just 3-5 millimeters below the surface of the earth, ideally with the tiny root facing downwards. This can help to avoid time-loss and seeds don’t have to figure out how gravity works.

Rookie Guide: 3 Steps to Master the Seedling Stage

Mastering the delicate seedling stage is crucial to grow strong and healthy cannabis plants. Read this blog for further information on how to cultivate cannabis from seed to seedling.

CONTAINER AND GROWING MEDIUM

Before germinating our cannabis seeds, we make up our mind about containers and soil, assuming most rookies prefer soil due to simplicity. At this point, we already need to differentiate between autoflowering – and feminized/regular seeds.

A. POTS FOR AUTOFLOWERING SEEDS

Growers of autoflowering varieties will get best results when they plant the seed directly into the final pot, and need to pay very close attention to seedlings for the first three weeks. Mistakes in the vegetation period of autoflowering strains have fatal consequences, meaning low yields. Depending on the strain and growing method, pot sizes ranging from 5-15 liter can be used. The size of the pot will have an influence on the size of your plants, on yields, and on the frequency you water your plants. Tip: Airpots allow more oxygen to get to the root system and will boost vitality and final yields.

B. POTS FOR FEMINIZED SEEDS

Feminized- and regular cannabis varieties give growers the possibility do decide when the vegetation period ends, and the flowering period starts. This is why transplanting “feminized” seedlings is not such a big concern, in contrast to autoflowering strains. When a few days are lost due to stress recovery of the plant, growers simply increase the time-span of the vegetation period and compensates the loss of growth. Internet forums and grow reports can help to get you an idea what works best in terms of pot size(s) matching your setup.

C. GROWING MEDIUM

High quality organic soil that is “light” when it comes to pre-added nutrition works best.

GERMINATION TECHNIQUES

There are basically two different techniques that are commonly used to germinate cannabis seeds.

A. THE WET PAPER TOWEL METHOD

Carefully place your cannabis seeds between wet paper towels and place them in a sealable plastic container. Aim for high humidity levels inside the container, temperatures between 20-25 °C, and moist, but not overly wet paper towels. Check moisture and humidity levels regularly. Don’t completely close the container and allow some air exchange. This happens at a dark place.

B. GERMINATING SEEDS IN WATER

Simply drop your seeds into a glass of drinking water and wait 24-48 hours until seeds have cracked. Wait until you see the first few millimeters of the root, and make sure water temperatures are between 20-25 °C. Place your cup somewhere light doesn’t reach it.

ENVIRONMENT: LIGHT, HUMIDITY AND WATERING

After seeds have germinated, it’s time to plant them into the pots. Plant the seeds just 3-5 millimeters below the surface of the earth, ideally with the tiny root facing downwards. This can help to avoid time-loss and seeds don’t have to figure out how gravity works.

A. LIGHT

It’s not necessary to use your powerful HPS or LED the first 10-14 days. CFL’s with a blue light spectrum (daylight/coolwhite) will get you very good results. Either built your own light fixture using T5/T8 sockets or buy 23-30W CFL’s with the standard European E27 lamp socket. Compare different bulbs and choose the ones with highest lumen output.

B. HUMIDITY

Aim for humidity levels of approximately 70%. Small propagators can be an option if you start in very small containers but autoflowering growers planting in final pots need to monitor, and eventually raise, the humidity inside the grow room.

C. WATERING

This is by far the most important part when growing seedlings, and cannabis in general. Don’t overwater your plants due to overly high levels of affection for your cannabis plant! The root system has no motivation to grow if it’s constantly flooded with water. You need to find your individual rhythm or cycle between wet and dry. This will come over time and your seedlings will thrive if you pay close attention to watering. Remember, less is sometimes more!

Marijuana from seed to plant
While researching organic nutrients, Kushman found that most organic compounds used in cultivation are comprised of animal bi-products. In nature, a plant might seldom be exposed to the remains of an animal, whereas in organic cultivation, they are being exposed to animal products on a regular basis, far exceeding what they would have been exposed to in nature.

Veganic Cannabis Cultivation

Although not widely talked about, utilising veganic growing techniques can really push a cannabis grow to the best it can be. All it takes is a little planning.

With many of us looking for new and healthier ways to cultivate cannabis, growers are moving past organic cultivation and are exploring the benefits of veganic cultivation. Veganic cultivation is a method of horticulture that does not utilise any animal products, instead turning to soil enriching microbes and plant-based nutrients.

WHAT IS VEGANIC CANNABIS CULTIVATION?

There are several reasons why growers and cannabis consumers are turning to this newer healthier way to produce the highest quality organic marijuana. Veganic cultivation looks to replace the nutrients that come from animal bi-products, present in most organic nutrient blends, with fermented plant-based nutrients.

Nutrients made from animal bi-products not only impact the quality of the bud produced, but also negatively impact soil pH which then can interfere with your plant’s ability to take in nutrients. Organic fertilisers made from animal products, leave residues behind. These residues affect taste, potency, and aroma. Veganic gardening also systems don’t require pH management and they provide an overall healthier ecosystem for your plants to thrive in.

Leading the charge in veganic cultivation is the legendary Kyle Kushman. Kushman is a five-time High Times Cannabis Cup winner, and the founder of Kushman Veganics. Kushman came across veganic cultivation in 2009. The origins of veganic gardening, however, go back to the forties. While it is not a new idea, Kushman is the first to pioneer this avenue of horticulture in the new millennium.

While researching organic nutrients, Kushman found that most organic compounds used in cultivation are comprised of animal bi-products. In nature, a plant might seldom be exposed to the remains of an animal, whereas in organic cultivation, they are being exposed to animal products on a regular basis, far exceeding what they would have been exposed to in nature.

THE IMPLICATIONS FOR CANNABIS

Animal residues breakdown slowly in cannabis. After the plant metabolises the nutrients, animal residues remain. This affects your overall quality and is particularly noticeable in the taste of the finished product. Kushman is confident that cannabis grown using a veganic nutrient system is the cleanest cannabis you will find. Increased potency is an additional benefit of going veganic according to Kushman. By ensuring maximum nutrient bio-availability through the application of beneficial microbes, you ensure maximum potency. The only bi-product of plant-based nutrient metabolism is a complex carbohydrate which is then consumed by microbes in the soil, continuing the cycle.

Veganic cultivation relies on soil full of various bacteria and fungi that take part in a process resulting in 100% nutrient bio-availability. Soil nutrient bioavailability is a measure of the amount of ingestible nutrient in the soil by the plant’s root system. Synthetic nutrients comprised mostly of salts can have absorption rates as low as 20-25%. Maximising the soil’s bioavailability is the key to veganic cultivation.

The plant-based nutrients have to be converted. Plants depend on microbes to metabolise nutrients in the soil, turning them into a form that can be readily absorbed. Beneficial bacteria and fungi, like several of the Actinobacteria and Bacillus species, consume and break down decaying plant matter, excreting it into a nutrient form that the plant’s root system can take in. The relationship between the microbes and the plant becomes one of life or death, both depending on each other for survival. By applying the beneficial microbes to your soil as part of a veganic regimen, you help ensure the that your plants are absorbing as much of the available nutrients as possible.

GETTING STARTED WITH VEGANICS: COMPOST TEA

Making a compost tea is an easy way to introduce your veganic nutrient blend to your plant’s root system. A good tea starts with a good compost. You can buy microbes to add to your soil however a compost creates its own micro-environment in which these beneficial bacteria and fungi thrive. A good compost should be made of mainly decaying green waste. Greens will provide the bulk of your primary macronutrients. You can use grass cuttings, old fruits and vegetables, seaweed and just about any green plant. The breakdown and reuse of decaying organic matter is the beginning of the cycle of life. Decaying trees and other plants have fed the next generation since the dawn of time.

As the green waste decays, it becomes home to a community of insects, worms, larva, bacteria, fungi and slew of other organisms which consume the organic material. The nutrient-rich excrement then goes on to become part of the compost fertiliser you will eventually use to feed your garden. The black sludge you find at the bottom of your compost bin is a combination of worm and insect excrement full of nutrients and beneficial bacteria. You’ll want to avoid any animal products when making your compost for all the obvious reasons. There are different recipes for making a compost tea requiring different amounts of time, but fundamentally compost tea is made exactly as it sounds. You soak the compost in water and strain it out through a cheesecloth. One hefty shovel of compost will net you around five gallons of tea. The addition of these beneficial microbes to your garden will help your plants move toward 100% soil bioavailability.

The move toward veganic cultivation is the next logical step for organic cannabis growers. Veganic cultivation aims for 100% nutrient absorption by converting decaying plant waste into a thriving environment for beneficial bacteria and fungi. The bacteria and fungi, in turn, support a healthy ecosystem in which the plant can absorb all available nutrients. The nutrient rich environment void of animal fertilisers results in no residues being left behind and a cleaner, tastier smoke. If you are looking to push your yields and grow the best quality cannabis out there, going veganic will help you get there.