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indian landrace exchange seeds

Indian landrace exchange seeds
However, there is a fundamental difference between pollen chucking and rigorous, organized breeding programs with an end result in mind. Again, this is not to say that either approach is inherently superior. But to create a breeding program for stable, predictable cultivars, the latter approach is the way forward.

The Shape of Today’s Cannabis Seed Market

Cannabis Seed Market The cannabis seed industry evolved in an inconsistent manner over the last few decades, and throughout its development, methods and approaches to breeding have varied widely. Many breeders work for years to stabilize strains, and keep meticulous records documenting every single generation and its characteristics, the results of each cross and backcross.

Others may employ less fastidious methods, potentially leading to less stable or less reliable strains. This has always been the case, and the lack of total transparency has been compounded both due to illegality and industry politics – people may obfuscate about cuttings of dubious provenance, or may not keep records due to the possibility of discovery and arrest, and so on.

Today, the global cannabis seed market is bigger than ever. It’s difficult to estimate exactly how big, as there do not appear to be specific data available. A five-year-old UNODC paper on the subject did not even attempt to put a figure on its value – but as the overall value of the cannabis industry is dramatically increasing year-on-year, it is inevitable that the seed industry is also gaining in value.

The cannabis seed market has exploded in recent years

There have been several notable changes over the last twenty years or so. There are now thousands of new high-CBD, autoflowering, and feminized seed varieties available, as well as traditional regular seed, from hundreds of companies in dozens of countries. Within this chaotic array of too-much-choice, there are few obvious benchmarks that the buyer can rely upon to make an informed decision.

In some respects, the seed business has reached a certain level of maturity. In other respects, it is still a fledgling and fast-evolving industry.

Seeds Vs. Clones in Legal Markets

Furthermore, the nature and existence of the seed industry is increasingly affected – although not necessarily threatened – by the growing importance of propagation by cloning.

There are various advantages to using clones – advantages that particularly appeal to large, commercial grow operations, which are increasingly common in legal markets such as Colorado, California or Canada, and also in grey-area markets such as Spain and the Netherlands. The crop will be uniform in growth, the overall growth cycle can be somewhat reduced (or at least, the first two or three weeks of the plant’s life can be outsourced to another company), the harvest can be confidently predicted, and so on.

When propagating via clones, the lineage of the plant doesn’t really affect the outcome. The stability is ensured by the fact that each clone is genetically identical, and there is usually no intention to produce new generations of seed in commercial cannabis growing operations, so reproductive predictability is not a factor.

Cannabis seedlings under LED lighting

Again, it’s hard to quantify this is absolute terms, but there are increasing complaints within the world of cannabis seed breeding that decreasingly rigorous techniques are pervading the industry, perhaps as a response to the “pollen chucking” mentality the cloning industry encourages.

Rather than competing against the growing popularity of clones by employing more rigorous techniques, some seed producers are pursuing an approach that floods the market with cheap, poor-quality seeds, many of which are unstable f1 or f2 crosses that have no guarantee of predictability or quality.

What is Pollen Chucking, Anyway?

“Pollen chucking” means exactly what it implies – simply allowing male pollen to contact female plants in a random, disorganized manner. There’s nothing inherently wrong with pollen chucking, and it has yielded countless interesting crosses over the years, some of which have enduring longevity as they have been kept alive and propagated vegetatively in the form of clones.

However, there is a fundamental difference between pollen chucking and rigorous, organized breeding programs with an end result in mind. Again, this is not to say that either approach is inherently superior. But to create a breeding program for stable, predictable cultivars, the latter approach is the way forward.

By another definition, “pollen chucking” is simply open pollination – and if the approach is maintained over successive generations, the resulting population could end up more like an heirloom or landrace. These populations are of immeasurable value in producing stable cultivars, and have many important properties in their own right, such as resistance to mould, heat, drought or disease.

For that effect to occur, however, the pollen chucking would need to take place over enough generations for the population to achieve some degree of uniformity, by adapting to its local environment and expressing certain dominant traits most fit for that environment. On the other hand – one or two generations of pollen chucking, using parents of very different stock that may not be stable in the first place, will make for very unpredictable results.

Stability and Predictability Vs. Interesting Phenos?

Pollen chucking in and of itself is not the issue. One of the biggest problems with the shape of today’s seed market is the fact that there is little transparency and few standards of praxis among breeders.

Thus, the consumer may be purchasing an unstable f2 or f3, but have no idea of the background of the strain, and (for many consumers) will not have a full understanding of why it matters in any case.

A cannabis seedling emerging from its seed case

But when they crack the seeds and find four or more phenos in a pack of ten seeds, none of which resemble the weed with the same name previously purchased from a dispensary, coffeeshop or social club, the issue begins to become apparent. Differences in height, structure and flowering time can all affect the overall quality quality and yield of a crop, and lead to frustration for the grower – all the more reason for them to opt for the simplicity of clones next time!

On the one hand, this level of instability offers more chances to find interesting phenos that could themselves be the next cup-winning “strain”. On the other hand, for most end consumers, reliability and predictably, consistently high quality generally hold more appeal.

Awards Aren’t Necessarily the Key to Stability

There are plenty of cup-winning seed companies whose products aren’t necessarily as stable as they could be. Rather than seeking out the companies with the most awards, or the latest cup winners – what’s really important is to do some background research, if you want to know more about what you’re buying.

This could mean lurking on forums to talk to other growers that have grown the seeds you’re thinking of buying, using a reliable site to search for information on lineage and more, contacting the breeder directly to ask whatever questions you might have, simply trying the seeds out and seeing what you get, or some combination of the above.

Of course, doing some background reading on the basics of breeding and stabilizing new strains will serve you well, and will help to ensure that any questions you direct to fellow growers or to breeders are well thought-out and constructed.

The better educated you are on the basics of seed breeding, genetic inheritance and so on, the more you will derive from discussions with breeders and other growers. Once you are fairly confident in your level of understanding, it should become easier to identify and avoid breeders that give poor or unsatisfactory responses on breeding records.

Cannabis is Pretty Hard to Fully Stabilize, Anyway

It’s worth noting that cannabis is widely said to be hard to stabilize to the point that every plant produced from a pack of seeds is homogenous.

This is partly due to the high level of genetic diversity within the global cannabis population, even within relatively isolated landrace populations, and the fact that cannabis is generally dioecious (having separate male and female plants), while most crops are monoecious (male and female flowers on the same plant).

Landrace cannabis in Malana, India

Breeding dioecious plants produces genetically diverse offspring, as it necessarily involves combining genes from two parents. Conversely, monoecious plants (such as tomatoes) can often be self-pollinated, and genetic diversity can be sharply reduced in just a few generations.

As well as this, when crossing two very distinct parents (say from two different landraces) it takes several generations to achieve full stability. On top of this, some breeders hold that after seven or so generations from the original parental cross, many of the desirable traits are actually lost.

So cannabis seeds may not always breed true, even when they are from breeders that take the time and keep records to ensure predictable, meticulous results. Nevertheless, you’re likely to get more consistent and predictable results than from breeders that have taken less time and care to stabilize properly.

Typically, reputable breeders cross and backcross for several generations (usually at least four or five, sometimes as many as eight or nine times) to ensure predictability. Otherwise, they may use parent stock from stable, inbred lines (IBLs) and create what is often termed an f1 hybrid, which should also express a high degree of uniformity and predictability (but will not produce true-to-type seeds if allowed to reproduce).

So What is a True F1 Hybrid?

It’s important to note that if a breeding program uses two parents that are genetically stable, the resulting f1 hybrid should be generally stable and homogeneous. With crops that have undergone rigorous, intensive breeding programs to create true IBLs, such as maize, the crossing of two such inbred lines yields an f1 hybrid that not only expresses a very high degree of hybrid vigor, but that is also highly genetically uniform.

With cannabis, the same effect is apparent, but again, the degree of homogeneity may not be quite so high as with other crops. It’s still high enough for many breeders with a solid reputation to confidently offer f1 hybrids as predictable seed stock for growers – such as the famous NL5 x Haze f1 hybrid originally offered by The Seed Bank (one of the precursor companies of the Sensi Seed Bank) back in 1989. The NL5 x Haze still offered by Sensi today is an inbred, stabilized version of that very lineage (which has the added benefit of being true-to-type!).

Here’s a quick guide to what the terms f1, f2 and so on mean in terms of Mendelian inheritance. Plant genetics are far more complex than this, and we now know that various factors such as epigenetics also come into play. But even according to these basic principles, when starting with parents that are not of stable lineage, the offspring will not be as predictable as this diagram suggests.

What About Landraces and Stability?

Landraces by most traditional definitions (although these definitions often vary considerably) should be relatively genetically similar (compared to a untouched, unisolated wild population), but heterogeneous and diverse enough to be adaptive to changes in environment.

Landraces are populations that have developed over multiple generations in a particular area, and that have begun to express dominant phenotypes based on the environmental conditions of the locale (with the aid of physical isolation and some degree of traditional agricultural intervention).

Over time, as undesirable or unfit traits are selected out, individuals in the population become gradually more homogeneous – although still much more heterogeneous than a deliberately-bred heirloom or cultivar.

Biodiversity hotspots like Malana must be preserved

Usually, landraces are not considered to be true-breeding. However, they tend towards expression of certain traits, and true-breeding lineages can generally be established from them with relative ease. A heirloom vegetable or fruit variety should generally be true-breeding (“true-to-type”) – it can perhaps be considered “one step up” from a landrace in terms of the rigor applied to its breeding and maintenance (a landrace itself perhaps being “one step up” from a wild population), and is often derived from a landrace population.

A cultivar, then, could be considered one step up from an heirloom. Here’s an interesting look at what “cultivar” means according to the US and Canadian definitions (and how they can be patented…).

Every cultivar and hybrid currently available today, whether in the form of a seed or a clone, ultimately descends from landrace parents from one or more (and potentially dozens of) locations. The modern varieties available today descend from tropical and equatorial sativas and temperate afghanicas or indicas – but even before those varieties ever landed on Dutch shores, local farmers selected hemp plants that had palatable flavour and effect for smoking!

Within landrace populations of cannabis, certain characteristics remain variable to some extent (typically more variable than with a rigorously-bred cultivar). For example, the landrace cannabis varieties of Malana may all look very similar, but they express obviously variable terpene and cannabinoid profiles. These variations may be influenced by microenvironment, particularly when it comes to outdoor-growing plants, but there is also some degree of variation in genotype.

If growers take a landrace from its native habitat and breed and maintain it elsewhere (even if they recreate the local environment and conditions as faithfully as possible in an indoor environment, for example), this is known as ex situ cultivation (and plants of this type may be known as an allochthonous landrace. If it’s allowed to reproduce in a relatively free manner outdoors, however, it may become an autochthonous landrace within a few generations.

Such a change in environment may restrict the plant from reproducing freely in its natural habitat with whatever pollen happens to be floating around, but there will still be significant variation between individuals. The population may even become rapidly more variable, as it responds to even small changes in environment and throws up new traits that may be more fit. These variations often lead to interesting phenos that form the backbone of new breeding projects!

Landraces Are Gradually Gaining Recognition

As the cannabis industry grows throughout the world, the traditional homelands of cannabis – such as India and Kazakhstan – are beginning to recognize the importance of the natural bounty they have on their doorsteps.

In India, homegrown organizations such as the Indian Landrace Exchange, the Indian Heirloom Seed Co and others are busy collecting, identifying, preserving and exchanging landrace and heirloom seeds from throughout the country. The Bombay Hemp Company, an industrial hemp startup founded in 2015, is working with families in Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Punjab, Kashmir and Jammu to produce traditional hemp products.

In Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan, there have been rumours that the respective national governments have begun to recognize their vast natural resources in the form of the Chu Valley wild cannabis fields, although what shape this make take remains to be seen.

Interestingly, a new definition of landrace was recently proposed in a study, Toward an Evolved Concept of Landrace, published in Frontiers in Plant Science in 2017.

According to this definition, landraces “consist of cultivated varieties that have evolved and may continue evolving, using conventional or modern breeding techniques, in traditional or new agricultural environments within a defined ecogeographical area and under the influence of the local human culture. This includes adaptation of landraces to new management systems and the unconscious or conscious selection made by farmers or breeders using available technology”.

The Future of Cannabis Seed Varieties

What the future holds for the global seed market is unclear. The importance of landrace and heirloom varieties must be internationally protected and recognized, perhaps with a series of “appellation of origin” type certifications such as those implemented by the wine, cheese and cured meat industries (a scheme already being called for by Californian cannabis farmers).

An internationally-recognized standard for seed breeding and transparency in commercial indoor breeding projects should also be adopted so that consumers can be better informed about the seeds they are buying. As well as this, a moratorium on the introduction of foreign genetics to traditional landrace and heirloom areas should be agreed to and implemented by cannabis seed producers and farmers worldwide, at the very least until landrace and heirloom varieties can be properly identified and protected.

Lowland, autoflowering biotypes of cannabis, India

Of course, all of this will be extremely difficult to implement, at least before the integrity of the landrace zones is entirely contaminated. Already, landrace populations in Morocco have been all but obliterated, and there are anecdotal reports that Jamaica, Panama and many other Caribbean and South/Central American populations have been totally contaminated too.

It’s worth also noting, however, that introduction of foreign genetics does not automatically spell the end of a landrace. According to a 1998 definition, “an autochthonous landrace is a landrace grown for a long period in the farming system concerned. As the environment changes annually and as the landrace becomes ‘contaminated’ with few genotypes of other landrace(s), or cultivar(s) it will continuously adapt itself”.

Thus, a resilient landrace population should be able to absorb a certain degree of foreign genetic material without compromising its overall character. So the race to protect the remaining landrace populations is not lost – it’s simply a question of ensuring that not too much foreign material is introduced.

In Morocco, for example, the sheer quantity of cheap, feminized and often poorly-stabilized genetics introduced into the local genepool (and the clear preference among farmers for HYVs, leading landraces to be outright rejected in their favour) means that the battle is already probably lost – unless sensible and much-needed breeding programs can be implemented that make use of local drought-resistant adaptations, perhaps with controlled introductions of stable foreign varieties for improved flavour and cannabinoid profiles.

It’s also worth remembering that in many countries such as Morocco (where cannabis is not indigenous but has been introduced in several waves over more than a thousand years), were it not for introductions of foreign genetics, landraces could never have become established in the first place. However, up until now, most introductions have been limited, and of relatively-stable landrace/heirloom populations.

Today, a free-for-all situation is emerging, and if it spreads to other formerly-untouched populations, we could end up cutting ourselves off from the rich pool of landrace varieties we depend on to develop commercial varieties for places that cannabis does not grow naturally.

Indian landrace exchange seeds
Buy Ciskei Regular Seeds?

24 Best LANDRACE Cannabis Strains to Grow from Seed


Landrace cannabis seeds list of pure landrace sativa and landrace indica strains to buy in 2019. While many old-school landrace strains are hard to find, having been lost or outbred with time, a few breeders / collectors offer rare locale-adapted and sourced cannabis seeds, giving growers around the world access to resilient genetics for various climates.

Landrace cannabis strains sold at seed banks are often limited in stock quantity and quick to be discontinued due to the nature of obtaining the seeds (e.g. sources dry up). This list may change accordingly.

Table of Contents:

Chitrali

Overview: Chitrali is a rare, pure Hindu Kush charas landrace strain personally collected at the source in Yarkhun Valley, one of the most renowned charas producing valleys in the high Hindu Kush. Native to the upper Chitral district, Chitrali plants display a wide range of phenotypes from compact, broad-leaf indicas to taller, narrow-leaf sativas that grow anywhere between 1 and 3 meters outdoors. The buds are quite dense and resinous and give fruity to gasoline aromas/flavors. Warm, centered, heady effects. Seeds are the first generation from the original source, created by open pollenation using numerous males and females with minimal selection.

Flowering Time October – Early November
Released By The Real Seed Company
Seed Sex Regular
Yield 1 kg+/plant

Buy Chitrali Regular Seeds?

Ciskei

Overview: Ciskei is a compact mountain sativa strain native to the former Bantustan territory at 5000-6500 ft. elevation in the Drakensberg mountains of South Africa. The plants stay quite small and bushy, even during flowering. A very fast yielder for a sativa, likely due to the night-time temperatures that drop significantly during early autumn in the plant’s home climate. Fruity, green apple buds that give a stimulating, social high. These are 5th generation Highland South African seeds that came from a 1990’s release by a Swiss seed company forced to cease operations, Tropical Seeds was given 40 of the original seeds to produce Ciskei.

Flowering Time 55-65 Days; Early Autumn
Released By Tropical Seeds
Seed Sex Regular
Yield High

Buy Ciskei Regular Seeds?

Ethiopian

Overview: Ethiopian by Ace Seeds is a third-generation subtropical African sativa strain sourced from Ethiopia. The seeds grow into tall, highly-vigorous plants that exhibit flexible branching with long internode length, and show a high resistance to moisture, molds, wind and heat. Ethiopian sativa flowering times are long, being ready to harvest outdoors near the 3rd week of November. Indoor growers are recommended to flower Ethiopian plants early and be careful of overfeeding, N especially. Earthy and woody sativa aromas. The buds give a high energy, happy, positive high.

Flowering Time 91-98 days; Late November
Released By Ace Seeds
Seed Sex Regular
Yield Medium-High

Buy Ethiopian Regular Seeds?

Highland Thai

Overview: Highland Thai comes from the Burmese border regions of northern and north-western Thailand, traditionally grown by the local hill tribes, including the Lahu people. A unique cultivar that develops irregular branching, large-caylxed and slightly-dense buds that differentiates it from the Thai-Lao strains. The effect is also more calming compared to the fierce psychedelic high that many Southeast Asian strains give. A rare and unusual landrace sativa recommended for collectors and breeders. Highland Thai plants are ready to harvest late in December and display a range of fruity, colorful phenotypes. The seeds are second-generation produced by open pollination.

Flowering Time 18 Weeks; Late December
Released By The Real Seed Company
Seed Sex Regular
Yield 1-2 kg/plant

Buy Highland Thai Regular Seeds?

Honduras

Overview: Honduras by Ace Seeds is a 100% pure sativa second-generation landrace cannabis strain from Central America. The plants grow quickly during early stages of growth and appear in structure and life-cycle similar to old-time lowland Colombian strains, while the terpene-profiles and effects are more akin to old Mexican sativa strains or African sativas. Outdoors, Honduras yields high in the right climate that allows for late harvests in November. Indoors, powerful lighting is needed to mimic the subtropical sun. Growers may begin flowering 11 hours on – 13 hours off at 15 days from seed or 7 days from cutting to control stretch. The buds are floral, citrusy and give energetic, euphoric effects.

Flowering Time 98 Days; November
Released By Ace Seeds
Seed Sex Regular
Yield Very High

Buy Honduras Regular Seeds?

Kerala

Overview: Kerala is a pure South Indian landrace from the equatorial highland district of Idukki, known to produce the finest ganja in South India. Keralan strains are most famously known for their genetic contribution to the modern hybrids White Widow and Haze. A true tropical sativa that grows from 6 to over 12 feet tall, Kerala forms characteristic bamboo-like leaflets and often structures as ‘Christmas-tree’ structure plants, ready to harvest after a long wait, with phenos ranging from late October to even February. Resinous, minty buds give a pungent sweet smoke with elevated THC levels. Seeds are the second-generation from the original accession, reproduced by open pollination.

Flowering Time November – Early Feb
Released By The Real Seed Company
Seed Sex Regular
Yield Medium

Buy Kerala Regular Seeds?

Ketama

Overview: In the Rif mountains of northern Morrocco, Ketama is best known around the world as Morocco’s Hash Capital. The cannabis plants from Ketama are adapted to growing in the local arid conditions with barren, rocky soil and are naturally ideal hashish production plants. Ketama by World of Seeds are a high yielding, pure indica variety chosen from a huge collection of seeds WOS brought back from Rif and reproduced. The large, fast-flowering, resinous buds are ready as early as September outdoors and give strong odors of the best Moroccan Hash. High resistance to pests, diseases and medium resistance to mold.

Flowering Time 7-8 Weeks; Late September
Released By World of Seeds
Seed Sex Reg / Fem
Yield Indoors: 300-400 g/m2; Outdoors: 400-500 g/plant

Buy Ketama Reg / Fem Seeds?

Kumaoni

Overview: Kumaoni is a pure Himalayan charas plant personally collected from source at the villages in the Kumaon Himalayas, near the borders of Nepal and Tibet. The resilient plants are adapted to pounding rain, cold, and humidity, making Kumaoni a well-suited variety for northern climate outdoor growers. Kumaoni’s fluffy buds high in resin produce a harder and coarser charas than the the Parvati types and gives users a bright, outgoing stoney high.

Flowering Time Mid-October – Early November
Released By The Real Seed Company
Seed Sex Regular
Yield 1-2 kg/plant

Buy Kumaoni Regular Seeds?

Kwazulu

Overview: Kwazulu is a quick-flowering landrace strain obtained from wild pure sativa cannabis plants growing along the north-facing slopes of South Africa’s Drakensberg ridge, since maintained by World of Seeds. An incredible cultivar that flourishes in various climates, Kwazulu seeds are easy to grow both indoors and outdoors, being ready to harvest in October for the northern hemisphere. Yields competitive quantities of mold resistant, big sweet buds tested up to 20% THC.

Flowering Time 8-9 Weeks; Mid-October
Released By World of Seeds
Seed Sex Reg / Fem
Yield Indoors: 350 g/m2; Outdoors: 450-500 g/plant

Buy Kwazulu Reg / Fem Seeds?

Lebanese

Overview: Lebanon is home of the famous Lebanese Red hashish, made from the powerful, high-resin content cannabis indica plants grown in the region. The Lebanese seeds by The Real Seed Co. are the earliest-maturing strain the company offers and breeds superb hybrids. First obtained by RSC in 2008, the current stock is bred using the same first-generation seeds. The plants typically do not grow above 5 feet tall in a spherical bushy or columnar growth structure, some phenos turn red colors during late flowering. Outdoors, Lebanese plants are ready to harvest from September to October. The dense, hard-hitting buds give sweet pine and fruity aromas.

Flowering Time Early September – Early October
Released By The Real Seed Company
Seed Sex Regular
Yield High

Buy Lebanese Regular Seeds?

Malana Cream

Overview: Sourced directly from Malana village, this famous North Indian Himalaya charas landrace sativa is used to make the legendary hand-rubbed high-mountain charas, Malana Cream. The resin of Malana Cream plants is world-renowned for the bold aromas, sticky-consistency and heady, cerebral high. Malana Cream seeds grow vigorously into resilient, tall, lanky-structured plants that can reach past 3 meters tall, producing sweet aromatic flowers gleaming with trichomes and dripping in resin ready late September to October. The high gives a nice cerebral buzz and can be psychedelic in large doses.

Flowering Time Late September – October
Released By The Real Seed Company
Seed Sex Regular
Yield High

Buy Malana Cream Regular Seeds?

Malawi Gold

Overview: Malawi Gold is an equatorial landrace sativa most famously known together with “Malawi Cobs”, a traditional curing method where the buds are wrapped and stored in corn husks. The Malawi Gold seeds come from the Nkhotakota region of Malawi and was chosen by Afropips after 10 years of research alongside some of the region’s best cannabis growers. Since Afropips seed stock has been discontinued, RSC has maintained the genetics for growers and collectors. Malawi Gold plants grow from 6.5 to 13 feet tall and produce sweet, floral sativa buds containing a high THCV content that give clear, uplifting effects.

Flowering Time 14-16 Weeks; Long Flowering
Released By The Real Seed Company
Seed Sex Regular
Yield High

Buy Malawi Gold Regular Seeds?

Manipuri

Overview: Manipuri is a strong, landrace sativa strain with a long flowering time sourced from Imphal Valley, in the the Indian state of Manipur, located in Northeast India on the Burmese border. Cultivated by the Meitei people of Manipur, who have a long tradition of growing cannabis. The plants grow up to 4 meters tall and with most phenotypes displaying green, citrus earthy flavors while the prized chahao (black sticky rice) phenos are dark purple. Similar to a Thai or Lao strain but distinctly smooth. Harvest outdoors is late in December or even January.

Flowering Time Mid-December – Mid-January
Released By The Real Seed Company
Seed Sex Regular
Yield Medium-High

Buy Manipuri Regular Seeds?

Mazar-I-Sharif

Overview: Mazar-I-Sharif is a top-shelf indica landrace strain that comes from the desert towns of Balkh, Mazar-i-Sharif and Sheberghan in the far north of Afghanistan, near the borders of Turkmenistan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan. The Mazar-i-Sharif strain grows into large, hashy indica plants that can reach over 12 feet tall and produce an immense yield of intensly resinous flowers. In their native climate, Mazar-I-Sharif handles cold weather well and even snow, turning a deep red color in lower temperatures, which is why growers prefer to harvest as late as winter outdoors. The buds have a distinctly pungent, sweet smell that give dreamy, couch-lock narcotic effects. Seeds are 3rd generation from the 2007 Afghan charas and seed merchant in Peshawar.

Flowering Time 60-82 Days; October
Released By The Real Seed Company
Seed Sex Regular
Yield Indoors: 300 g/m2; Outdoors: 1.5-2 kg/plant

Buy Mazar-I-Sharif Regular Seeds?

Nepal Highland

Overview: Nepal Highland is a 100% pure sativa landrace cannabis strain from 3,000-10,000 ft. elevation in the Himalayan mountain region of Nepal, where the local farmers hand-press resin out of the buds to make charas. The genetics were originally obtained by The Reeferman, and is currently is a 4th-gen IBL regular seed strain maintained by Tropical Seeds. The flowering time of Nepal Highland is quite short for a sativa, likely an adaptation to the mountain areas that get a very cold autumn. Grown outdoors in the northern hemisphere, Nepal Highland plants are ready to harvest by mid-October and produce nice floral, citrus buds with a strong, uplifting high.

Flowering Time 60-70 Days; Mid-October
Released By Tropical Seeds
Seed Sex Regular
Yield High

Buy Nepal Highland Regular Seeds?

Nepalese

Overview: An authentic Nepalese landrace strain first-generation direct from Rolpha in midwestern Nepal, a major charas production area of the old-school Nepalese Temple Balls from the Hippie Trail era. Nepalese seeds grow into big sativa plants 3-4 meters tall with long branches and resinous colas that are ready to harvest in outdoor climates Mid-October through November. Floral and fruity buds with a high resin production.

Flowering Time Mid-October – November
Released By The Real Seed Company
Seed Sex Regular
Yield 1 kg+/plant

Buy Nepalese Regular Seeds?

Old Afghan NLD

Overview: According to Tropical Seeds, Old Afghan NLD comes from 100 seeds preserved from the 1970’s, marked as the original Afghanistan by Sacred Seeds – making this perhaps the most worked pure breeding line of the past century. The first open reproduction was released as these Old Afghan NLD limited-edition seed packs. The plants show a wide range of phenotypes, some being very similar to plants of the Kandahar area while others more similarities to Mazar-i-Shariff varieties. The large, fat colas may require support and finish outdoors in the 2nd half of October. Narcotic, sedative, and incredibly odoriferous Afghani buds.

Flowering Time 70-90 Days; 2nd-half October
Released By Tropical Seeds
Seed Sex Regular
Yield Very High

Buy Old Afghan NLD Regular Seeds?

Pakistan Chitral Kush

Overview: One of the most beautiful indicas that Cannabiogen has ever grown, Pakistan Chitral is a pure indica strain originally sourced from the Chitral District northern Pakistan, famous for it’s hash. The genetics have been inbred in the Iberian Peninsula since middle 90’s and since reproduced by Cannabiogen seeds. The colorful red, purple and green plants show a surprising resistance to fungus and rain issues. Grows into medium-sized plants. Pakistan Chitral is a prime breeder’s tool that has been used as a parent to develop many great fast-flowering hybrids. The resin-soaked fruity buds give a chill body-stone.

Flowering Time 8-9 Weeks; End of September
Released By Cannabiogen
Seed Sex Reg / Fem
Yield Medium

Buy Pakistan Chitral Kush Reg / Fem Seeds?

Pakistan Valley

Overview: Pakistan Valley by World of Seeds is a selectively-bred pure indica strain sourced from the Hindu Kush mountains of northern Pakistan. A favorite hardy indica for indoor growers to try, Pakistan Valley seeds grow into fast flowering, compact plants with many side branches that show good resistance to drought and moderate resistance to mold and pests. Outdoors the bulky plants are ready to harvest around early October in northern areas. The pungent resinous buds of Pakistan Valley have been measured containing 21.2% THC and give a strong, sedative high.

Flowering Time 45-55 Days; Early October
Released By World of Seeds
Seed Sex Reg / Fem
Yield Indoors: 400 g/m2; Outdoors: 500-600 g/plant

Buy Pakistan Valley Reg / Fem Seeds?

Parvati

Overview: Parvati is a resinous charas landrace strain from the Parvati Valley region of the Indian Himalaya. Parvati plants make soft, sticky charas akin to the famed Malana Cream, included above on this list. Parvati seeds germinate into tall, lanky plants that can reach over 15 ft. tall with long internodes and sparse buds, similar to other Himilayan landrace strains. A good strain for growing outdoors in damp, northern climates that handles rain, humidity and wind well. The buds are floral, fruity and very hashy. Seeds are sourced personally in Parvati by RSC.

Flowering Time Mid-October – Early November
Released By The Real Seed Company
Seed Sex Regular
Yield 1-2 kg/plant

Buy Parvati Regular Seeds?

Sinai

Overview: Sinai is a cannabis strain cultivated deep in the desert mountains of Egypt, by the Bedouin tribes in the wadis of the Sinai Peninsula where the plants are grown in camel dung and occasionally mud sourced from the Nile. The demanding, hot

100°F summers help to create a hardy, heat-resistant plant. Two phenotypes are common when grown from seed, a 2-5 foot tall indica Christmas-tree shaped plant and a 4-6 foot sativa that grows like a vine. Sinai is ready to harvest outdoors late September to early October. The foxtail buds are slightly airy, covered in resin and give a blissful effect. Seeds obtained personally in Sinai.

Flowering Time Late September – Early October
Released By The Real Seed Company
Seed Sex Regular
Yield High

Buy Sinai Regular Seeds?

Syrian

Overview: A hardy landrace cannabis variety adapted to hot desert summer days and cold nights, Syrian strains share similarities to Lebanese landraces from Bekaa Valley, likely due to Syria’s long tradition of cannabis cultivation, particularly in the mountainous western region bordering Lebanon. Two main phenotypes can be found, the most desirable indica ideal for hashish making that stays near 3 feet tall and a more feral sativa that gets up to 5 feet high. Syrian plants benefit from dry periods between watering and the ideal phenos produce dense, “hash plant” buds packed with shiny crystals that give a positive, inspiring and relaxing high. Seeds obtained via local gene bank.

Flowering Time September – October
Released By The Real Seed Company
Seed Sex Regular
Yield Medium

Buy Syrian Regular Seeds?

Turkish

Overview: Turkish is a short, typically indica strain that stays under 5 feet tall and shows resemblance to other middle-eastern cultivars such as Lebanese or Syrian cannabis. Turkish plants are fast flowering, being ready to harvest outdoors around August to September. Hashy, floral and spicy aromatic buds that give a moderate effect. These Turkish seeds were obtained by The Real Seed Company through their collector community, note that the precise origin and characteristics of this Turkish landrace cannabis strain are not yet known.

Flowering Time August – September
Released By The Real Seed Company
Seed Sex Regular
Yield Medium

Buy Turkish Regular Seeds?

Wild Thailand

Overview: Wild Thailand is a potent pure sativa strain from the Koh Chang district in Thailand. The genetics have been inbred by local farmers to produce plants with a shorter flowering time with higher yields, and show a high mold and pest resistance. Outdoors, Wild Thailand seeds grow into big plants that finish around late-November. Indoors, growers may want to switch to flowering cycle quickly to control the stretchy growth tendencies of Wild Thailand. The exotic citrus-flavored buds contain a very high 22.3% THC content including THCV which tropical Southeast Asian sativas are renowned for. Racy, euphoric high.

Flowering Time 75-90 Days; End of November
Released By World of Seeds
Seed Sex Reg / Fem
Yield Indoors: 300 g/m2; Outdoors: 450-500 g/plant

Buy Wild Thailand Reg / Fem Seeds?

Your Own Strain Hunt

While the strains on this list can be purchased at an online cannabis seed bank, another fun aspect of growing and breeding is finding your own rare cannabis genetics around the world in person. For example, here’s a Lao sativa that I saw growing in the Bolaven Plateau, near Pakse, Laos. Very long “finger” leaves and the buds give you a real trippy, speedy high. More photos on my Tumblr. There’s a lot of interesting genetics out there that you can make unique hybrids with or just enjoy pure.

4 thoughts on “24 Best LANDRACE Cannabis Strains to Grow from Seed”

Born 1954 & raised in Vancouver BC, Started puffin Weed in 1966′ age 12, My Buddies Older Brother went down to 4th. ave in Kitsilano and scored off the hippies….back then it was all Compressed Kilos of seed weed Mexican,
Seemed like they just tossed in handfuls of seeds in the bricks, we even found Peyote buttons in them….Then Some sensimilla made its way up Gorraro, Yucatan Panama even Acapulco, then different kinds of Columbian Gold Chocolate. There was actually homegrown weed being sold here in the early ’70s it was pounds and pounds of leaf with no bud in it…This gave homegrown a bad name that took many years to break out from. The Jamaican came in so hard-pressed we would heat it up with microwave to get it apart, bout that time the odd bit of super Californian bud was sneaking its way up …and some Maui Wowie made its way across the Pacific from Hawaii into Van. Then the untied Thai was coming in massive loads on mother ships …there was one load that was in vac-packed kilos with paper tags in them with an Eagle on it and it was the kill …lol…Outdoor finally cleaned up its act got organized and up to the times and started pumping out seedless bud …then around 1984//85 people slowly started growing indoor weed here, and It’s popularity took off like wildfire. In the beginning, LB.’s were going for 36 hun. The last big load of untied Thai came in about that time and didn’t do to well the indoor was all the rage. As the years passed if was all indoor and outdoor which kinda peaked at around 23 and then the teens …when 9-11 happened in 2001 the boarders tightened up and we came to a grinding halt on the exports south which caused a huge glut and prices fell dramatically ….In the past couple years to now, the outdoor hit an all-time low around 500/lb and the indoor anywhere from 900 to mid-range kushes etc around 12-14 hun and the high ends /Trip.s up to 17 & 18 hun/lb….
…Then there is the “”Turn Hashish into Ashe’s”” Saga … But I’ll save something for tomorrow … East Van Guy.

Awesome story Albert what a read thanks for posting that here! Please do share more when you can ?