How To Tell If Marijuana Seeds Are Bad

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How Healthy are Your Cannabis Seeds? With some newly-tilled soil and a handful of seeds, you may be ecstatic to know that you are finally going to start cultivating your own cannabis seeds. After If done incorrectly, germinating cannabis seeds can be a struggle. Luckily, we're here to help! Check out 5 germination mistakes you need to avoid!

How Healthy are Your Cannabis Seeds?

With some newly-tilled soil and a handful of seeds, you may be ecstatic to know that you are finally going to start cultivating your own cannabis seeds. After figuring out how to actually plant and nurture them, you couldn’t wait to try them out for the first time! But wait, have you even checked to see if the cannabis seeds are healthy enough for planting? Yeah, I thought so.

Before rushing into the whole cultivation process of weed, one of the very first things that you will have to do is determine the quality and health of your seeds! Are they soft or firm to touch? Do they display a darker or lighter shade of color? Where did you get your cannabis seeds from? All of these and more are telltale signs of fresh, healthy seeds for you to use! Don’t worry, it’s pretty ebay to tell if your cannabis seeds are safe for cultivation or not!

Why Should I Check My Cannabis Seeds’ Quality?

It isn’t exactly rocket science to understand that healthy marijuana plants and buds come from healthy cannabis seeds. While there is still a chance for these seeds to actually sprout and develop, they will be nowhere near as potent and fresh as the ones that you get from top-shelf cannabis seeds. In worst case scenarios, these unhealthy seeds may not even sprout during germination in the first place!

Can You Distinguish Male and Female Cannabis Seeds?

If you are using regular marijuana seeds, then you might be wondering whether or not you can differentiate the males from the females this early in the growing process! It would be a lot more convenient to just simply discard any male weed seeds before they start sprouting out of their shells!

Unfortunately, there really is no earlier stage in the cannabis plant’s life cycle to distinguish males from females rather than the pre-flower stage. You are just going to have to take the leap and see whether your plants turn out male or female by waiting until they produce pre-flowers!

How to Judge Your Cannabis Seeds’ Quality:

Now for the main bit: how can you tell if your cannabis seeds are healthy or not? Are they fresh? Will they break free from their shells during germination? The great thing about this is that you can practically judge the health and freshness of your weed seeds simply based on their appearance and textures. Here are the main qualities of healthy cannabis seeds:

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SIZE DOESN’T MATTER:

Cannabis seeds are generally organic and pure, which means that they can come in different shapes and sizes due to being original and free from human/commercial interference. Just like how the cannabis plant’s structure can vary based on the genotype and phenotype, the seeds themselves can all look different!

As such, the sizes of your cannabis seeds should not be taken into consideration when judging the quality of your weed seeds. Some may come in small, grain sizes while others will be much more hefty and chunky.

COLOR OF THE CANNABIS SEEDS:

Dark and brown cannabis seeds are usually the first thing that you will notice with healthy seeds. Just by looking at them, you can pretty much differentiate the darker colored ones from the light-shaded ones. Oftentimes, even a tan, soil-like color means that your seeds are mature enough to be cultivated! Young and immature seeds tend to show hues of light green and white pigments. This indicates that they still haven’t reached the full maturity for planting.

PATTERNS: TIGER STRIPES AND DARK SPOTS

This one will be a little less obvious but if you look close enough, you might notice that the cannabis seeds display streaks of tiger stripes or dark spots all around the shell! This is a good indication of fresh seeds compared to ones that look blank and free from any distinct markings on them.

Also, make sure that you do not mistake any holes and cracks for markings! These will obviously indicate damaged seeds that will have much harder times to grow.

FIRM AND STURDY OUTER SHELL

Like any other organism out there, non-fresh and dried up cannabis seeds are no good for cultivation. Even the flimsy looking ones may indicate that the seeds have reached their expiration and are no longer viable for planting. On the other hand, seeds that are too young may not have sturdy shells. Applying even the smallest amount of pressure on them may lead to them breaking apart!

As such, look for cannabis seeds that have a tough outer exterior. These should be able to withstand a slight amount of pressure when they are pressed in between your fingers. The hard outer shell acts as a protective layer that can hold in all the important qualities and genetics inside the seeds. This shell should also feel/look quite waxy and shiny.

The Floating Test: Simple Yet Effective!

Aside from judging the appearance of your cannabis seeds, one fool-proof way of determining its quality is by the floating test. It is a simple and effective way of testing your seeds and discarding any ones that do not pass!

The concept of this test is really simple: healthy seeds sink whereas unhealthy seeds float! And since they will be moist enough due to being submerged, you can instantly start germinating the seeds after you do this!

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Simply take a cup of water and pour all your marijuana seeds into it. The small openings in the seeds might take a while to absorb the water so you should wait for 1 to 2 hours before checking for any seeds that are left floating! Any seeds that haven’t sunk to the bottom after a period of time can easily be scraped up and discarded.

Top 5 Germination Mistakes To Avoid When Growing Weed

Germinating cannabis seeds is necessary in order to sprout seedlings that develop into mature, healthy cannabis plants. However, complications with light, humidity, heat, and more could result in cannabis seeds failing to sprout. Find out what to avoid to ensure successful germination.

Germination is where the magic begins. Cannabis seeds must first germinate in order to sprout and begin their journey as living, breathing plants. However, if the germination process is done incorrectly, or is thwarted by some other variable, seeds can fail to sprout, leaving you with useless, spent seeds instead. Here are the top five mistakes to avoid when germinating cannabis seeds.

GERMINATING BAD SEEDS

One of the most common reasons seeds fail to germinate is because they are simply duds. Typically, healthy cannabis seeds should look a specific way and be of a specific colour. Viable seeds will appear round, not flat, and should be a beige to dark brown colour with subtle tiger striping. Seeds that have been flattened or are pale in colour may have a tough time sprouting into healthy cannabis plants.

Seeds that have been improperly stored may also fail to germinate. These tiny packages of DNA prefer to be kept in a cool, dark place with moderate humidity. Exposing them to heat, light, or extreme humidity levels (both high and low) could result in seeds losing their viability. As long as you source your seeds from reputable seedbanks and store them appropriately, you shouldn’t have to worry about bad seeds ruining your chances of successful germination.

TOO MUCH LIGHT

Generally speaking, seeds require a dark environment in order to germinate. After all, in nature cannabis seeds find their home in the dark embrace of soil. It can be hard to determine exactly how much light is too much for your seeds; however, err on the side of caution and germinate out of direct light. There’s no need to use your grow lights until after germination has occurred.

It is also likely that the quality of your seeds will affect their ability to handle direct light. Seeds that are already having a tough time germinating will have an even worse time doing so if they are exposed to excess light.

TOO MUCH OR NOT ENOUGH WATER

The amount of water you supply your seeds during the germination process will also affect their ability to successfully germinate. Some growers attempt to germinate by “drowning” them in a glass of water. While this ensures they will not go thirsty, it can actually be more harmful than helpful.

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Once they pop, seedlings are very delicate and must be watered carefully. When germinating, your medium should be damp, but not overly wet for best results. On the other hand, a dry environment is basically a death sentence for your seeds. They need a constant source of moisture to sprout, otherwise they’re good as duds.

TEMPERATURE PROBLEMS

Cannabis seeds require a specific temperature range in order to germinate. Regardless of the germination medium you are using (soil, paper towels, etc.), the temperature in the environment should consistently sit in the 26–28℃ range. Seeds need to be kept warm during the germination process. At no point during germination should seeds be exposed to temperatures below 20℃.

There are some techniques that can be used to ensure your seedlings remain in this temperature range. Some growers choose to use special warming mats that can be set to a specific temperature and placed underneath the seedling containers. Another strategy is to place a timed heater close to your seedlings to warm them up occasionally. Once your seeds have sprouted, they will be much more resilient to fluctuations in temperature.

GERMINATING IN SOIL

Many people choose to germinate their seeds using paper towels. However, others choose to do so directly in soil. Of course, germinating your seeds in soil isn’t inherently bad, but it can come with its own set of challenges, and is generally not recommended unless necessary.

For instance, the upper layer of soil can dry out within 48 hours, making it more difficult to give your seeds the right amount of water they need without overdoing it. Giving your soil too much water during germination could result in the seed rising up or dropping down further, inhibiting its viability. Moreover, seeds that are planted too deep in the soil could experience a host of complications. They could suffocate before coming into contact with enough oxygen, and be unable to access sufficient light to progress into the seedling stage of their life cycle.

Seeds may also be unable to germinate if the soil they are planted in contains contaminants. Mould and pests can easily kill a mature, healthy weed plant within just a matter of weeks. It should come as no surprise then that they could also prevent a small seed from germinating. If your soil contains traces of these contaminants, it is possible that your seed will never actually open and sprout. This also applies to fertilisers. Even small amounts of fertiliser in your soil can effectively kill your seed, making it completely useless.

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