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grow your own cannabis seeds

Grow your own cannabis seeds
It is important to start by gaining some theoretical knowledge. You can do this by reading books and magazines about cannabis. Watching video clips about cannabis has also helped me greatly. You will learn a lot from them and discover new things. Should you still have questions after having read books and magazines and watched videos, you can share them with other growers on forums. On the many cannabis forums on the Internet, you’ll find growers of various levels who are prepared to share their experience with you and answer your questions. My experience is that in most cases you a get quick response on your questions. There are of course many different ways to gather information. It’s up to you to take your pick. After this, you will know everything about cannabis, growing cannabis, and the various strains, but you’ll probably see that in practice not everything goes as you would have expected. Keep in mind that learning takes some time and that you have to start somewhere.

Growing your own cannabis

Growing your own cannabis and being self-sufficient is possible. You will no longer be dependent on others when you feel like smoking a joint, you can control the quality of the cannabis and you’ll also have a new and fun hobby. Do you want to grow your own cannabis but you’re not sure how? You’ve come to the right place! On this page, I will tell you everything you need to know about growing your own cannabis as clearly as possible. Should you still have some doubts after having read this, you can still find lots of information on the other pages of this website.

It is important to start by gaining some theoretical knowledge. You can do this by reading books and magazines about cannabis. Watching video clips about cannabis has also helped me greatly. You will learn a lot from them and discover new things. Should you still have questions after having read books and magazines and watched videos, you can share them with other growers on forums. On the many cannabis forums on the Internet, you’ll find growers of various levels who are prepared to share their experience with you and answer your questions. My experience is that in most cases you a get quick response on your questions. There are of course many different ways to gather information. It’s up to you to take your pick. After this, you will know everything about cannabis, growing cannabis, and the various strains, but you’ll probably see that in practice not everything goes as you would have expected. Keep in mind that learning takes some time and that you have to start somewhere.

Before you buy equipment, seeds and start growing, you have to decide whether you will grow cannabis indoors or outdoors. I would like to advise novice growers to first try to grow a plant outside. This way you can find out if it works and you won’t have to buy all kinds of expensive equipment.

Suzy’s Tip: If you decide to grow outdoors for the first time, try to do so with an auto flowering plant. This can hardly go wrong.

Grow equipment

The next step is buying grow equipment. What do you need for growing cannabis?

You can opt for growing your plants in open ground. Your plants will be able to grow a lot taller, but you will be dependent on good weather conditions. Cannabis plants only start flowering in late summer and if the weather is rainy and cold your crop will fail. Plants in pots stay smaller, but you are able to control the growing conditions. You can, for instance, put them in the shade or inside. It’s a trade-off you have to make for yourself. If you want to grow your plant in a pot, you will have to buy a suitable pot. Pots are available in various sizes. The size you need depends on the size you wish your plant to reach and the available space.

You also need soil to put in the pots. The choice is abundant. You can opt for the cheap bags of soil you can find in the garden centers. It’s possible to grow your plant in this, but beginners might experience problems with it. These types of soil do not contain enough nutrients for cannabis plants, are not light enough and dry and harden very easily.

Good air permeable soil is important for the development of the roots of your cannabis plant and will allow your plant to become stronger and healthier. You can add perlite (tiny white stones) to the soil to make it lighter, but why make things more complicated? I prefer to buy soil in a specialized grow shop and these can be found all over the world. There you can buy good soil specifically intended for growing cannabis. These high-quality mixtures are light, generally thanks to the addition of perlite, and contain enough of the required nutrients. Admittedly, it’s a bit more expensive. But you have to be prepared to pay more for quality. The biggest advantage of good soil is that your plants need minimal extra care.

Good soil is very important for your plant, so if you want to save money, do so on anything but the soil. If your budget really does not allow you to buy good soil, then the next best option is cutting soil. This is a more expensive type of soil mixture of better quality. In any case, don’t use compost intended for flowers, because that kind of soil is usually too acidic for cannabis plants.

Seeds

Suzy’s Tip : If you are a beginning grower, I would advise you to start with an Indica. Sativas can be unpredictable and grow very big. Indicas can cope better with stress, which gives you less stress as well.

Nutrients for growing with cannabis seeds

In general, good soil contains enough nutrients for the whole growth. It is however advisable to provide our plant with extra nutrients in the last weeks. My personal preference is liquid nutrition, because the plant can easily absorb it. If you grow indoors you only need flowering nutrition. Even the cheapest soils contain enough nutrients for the whole growth phase. You can buy various sorts of plant nutrition, but all are based on a mixture of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium. Nitrogen and potassium stimulate growth and during the flowering phase it’s best to use a mixture of phosphorus and potassium. Good flowering nutrition contains especially phosphorus and potassium and only a small amount of nitrogen.

We recommend to only use organic certified nutrients with the Union Control Certified (CU801038) quality mark. Do not use molasses or other sweeteners. By making strict use of certified organic nutrients, you also make better-tasting cannabis.

Suzy’s Tip: Of course there is also regular plant nutrition but my advice is to use special cannabis nutrition. It contains the right ingredients for a cannabis plant

Biological pesticides and/or natural enemies

Grow equipment for growing indoors

Light

The next thing you need is an extraction system with an activated carbon filter. Cannabis plants need carbon dioxide (CO2) to grow. They get this CO2 from the air. If you fail to provide the growing area with fresh air, the plants will use up all CO2 in the air. Growth will slow down and the plants will become less healthy. An extraction system sucks the CO2-depleted air outside, which automatically brings CO2-rich air inside. The system also removes the typical odours that are released during the flowering phase. A carbon filter is a large tube filled with carbon. The carbon absorbs the chemicals responsible for the odours and neutralises them. Just like the lamps I replace my carbon filter every year.

Ventilation

To ensure that the fresh air supplied by the extraction system is evenly distributed in your growing area, you also need one (or more) fan(s) for good air circulation. By constantly circulating the air, the fan ensures an even distribution of temperature, humidity, and C02.

This can be used as is, or you can cut a small intake in the bottom to improve airflow. Pollen won’t be able to escape the intake as long as the fan is moving but you might put filter paper over the intake to protect against fan failures. You can also use grommets to seal holes and run tubing into the chamber in order to water hydroponically from a reservoir outside the chamber. Otherwise you will need to remove the whole chamber to a safe location in order to water the plant or maintain a reservoir kept inside the chamber.

Marijuana Cultivation/Producing Seeds

Contents

Sooner or later every grower is going to want to produce marijuana seeds. Developing a new stable strain is beyond the scope of this discussion and requires the ability to grow hundreds or even thousands of breeding plants. However, just about any grower can manage to preserve some genetics by growing f2 seeds where they have crossed a male and female of the same strain, or can produce a simple cross which would be referred to as strain1xstrain2 for instance white widow crossed with ak-47 would be referred to as a WW x AK-47. You can produce some excellent seed and excellent marijuana this way.

To Feminise or not to Feminise Edit

There are numerous myths surrounding feminized seeds. Feminizing seeds are a bit more work than simply crossing two plants naturally. However it will save you a lot of time in the end. If you make fem seeds properly then there is no increased chance of hermaphrodites and all seeds will be female. This means no wasted time and effort growing males and it means that all your viable seeds produce useful plants. Since roughly half of normal seeds are male this effectively doubles the number of seeds you have.

Feminized seeds are bred to contain no male chromosomes, which will be able to produce the crop of resinous buds sought by most growers. For gardeners who require a quick and easy cultivation process, feminized seeds are the ideal choice. Some medicinal cannabis users may be deterred from growing their own supply because of the perceived difficulty of growing or of identifying the different genders and removing males early in the blooming period. Feminized seed-strains offer a simple solution to these issues, as there is no need to spend time in the first weeks of flowering checking for male plants.

Other times you will have no choice but to produce feminized seed because it will be a female plants genetics that you want to preserve and you won’t have any males. Perhaps you received these genetics via clone or didn’t keep males.

The new thing on the market for commercial Cannabis cultivation are auto-flowering feminized strains. By crossing of the cannabis ruderalis with Sativa and Indica strains many cultivators have created interesting hybrids which boast benefits from both sides of these families.

The first ‘auto-flowering cannabis seed’ which came on the market a few years ago was the Lowryder #1. This was a hybrid between a Cannabis ruderalis, a William’s Wonder and a Northern Lights #2. This strain was marketed by ‘The Joint Doctor’ and was honestly speaking not very impressive. The genetics of the ruderalis was still highly present which caused for a very low yield and little psychoactive effect. Not very attractive.

Auto-flowering cannabis and the easily distributed seed have opened a whole new market in the world of the online grow-shop, making it easy for home growers with shortage of space to grow rewarding cannabis plants in many different varieties. To grow plants indoors, a growing medium (e.g. soil or growing Potting soil, irrigation (water), fertilizer (nutrients), light and atmosphere need to be supplied to the plant.

Auto-flowers have been rising in popularity fast and there are now auto flower growers communities. These Web properties allow users to get information on how to grow these non photo-sensitive plants and what are the best practices when producing and germinating auto-flower seeds.

Selecting Suitable Parents Edit

There are a number of important characteristics when selecting parents. First are you making fem seeds? If you are then both parents will be female. This makes things easier. If not then the best you can do is select a male with characteristics in common with the females you hope to achieve from the seed.

Obviously potency, yield, and psychoactive effects are critical to the selection process. But some other important traits are size, odor, taste, resistance to mold and contaminants, early finishing and consistency.

Collecting and Storing Pollen Edit

In order to collect pollen you simply put down newspaper around the base of the plant. The pollen will fall from the plant onto the newspaper. You can then put this newspaper into a plastic bag and store it in the refrigerator or freeze it. Pollen will keep for a few months in the refrigerator and can be used on the next crop. Filtering the pollen through a silkscreen, drying, and freezing can extend viability for decades. At least one reader indicates success using pollen treated in this manner and stored at -30 c for 17 years. The chance of viability does decrease with time, even in the freezer, so the more fresh the pollen the better. Wrapping the pollen in a layer of aluminum foil and then a layer of plastic should help to protect it from freezer burn. Additionally, oxygen evacuation such as with a heavy gas like nitrogen or vacuum sealing should provide additional assurance of preservation.

Pollinating a Plant Edit

To pollinate a plant you can brush the pollen on a flower with a cotton swab or you can take the plastic bag, then wrap the flower inside it and shake, trapping the pollen inside for easier transportation. In this way you can selectively pollinate plants and even individual buds and branches.

Male Isolation Edit

A male plant or a plant with male flowers will pollinate your entire crop rendering it seedy. You probably don’t want THAT many seeds so how can you avoid it? Moving the male to another room might work but if that other room shares an air path via ducting or air conditioning then pollen may still find its way. One technique is to construct a male isolation chamber.

A male isolation chamber is simply a transparent container such as a large plastic storage tub turned on its side (available at your local megamart). Get a good sized PC fan that can be powered with pretty much any 12v wall adapter, by splicing together the + (yellow or red on fan, usually dotted on power adapter) and the – wires (black on fan, usually dotted power adapter) just twist with the like wire on the other device and then seal up the connection with electric tape. Then take a filtrate filter and cut out squares that fit the back of the pc fan so that the fan pulls (rather than pushes) air through the filter. Tape several layers of filter to the back of the pc fan so all the air goes through the filter. Now cut a large hole in the top of the plastic container and mount the pc fan over top of it so it pulls air out the box. You can use silicon sealant, latex, whatever you’ve got that gives a good tight seal.

This can be used as is, or you can cut a small intake in the bottom to improve airflow. Pollen won’t be able to escape the intake as long as the fan is moving but you might put filter paper over the intake to protect against fan failures. You can also use grommets to seal holes and run tubing into the chamber in order to water hydroponically from a reservoir outside the chamber. Otherwise you will need to remove the whole chamber to a safe location in order to water the plant or maintain a reservoir kept inside the chamber.

Making Feminized Seed Edit

To make feminized seed you must induce male flowers in a female plant. There is all sorts of information on the Internet about doing this with light stress (light interruptions during flowering) and other forms of stress. The best of the stress techniques is to simply keep the plant in the flowering stage well past ripeness and it will produce a flower (with seed).

Stress techniques will work but whatever genetic weakness caused the plants to produce a male flower under stress will be carried on to the seeds. This means the resulting seeds have a known tendency to produce hermaphrodites. Fortunately, environmental stress is not the only way to produce male flowers in a female plant.

The ideal way to produce feminized seed through hormonal alteration of the plant. By adding or inhibiting plant hormones you can cause the plant to produce male flowers. Because you did not select a plant that produces male flowers under stress there is no genetic predisposition to hermaphroditism in the seed vs plants bred between a male and female parent. There are actually a few ways to do this, the easiest I will list here.

Colloidal Silver (CS) Edit

This is the least expensive and most privacy conscious way to produce fem seed. CS has gotten a bad name because there is so much bad information spread around about its production and concentrations. It doesn’t help that there are those who believe in drinking low concentration colloidal silver for good health and there is information mixed in about how to produce that low concentration food grade product. Follow the information here and you will consistently produce effective CS and know how to apply it to get consistent results.

Simply construct a generator using a 9-12 v power supply (DC output, if it says AC then its no good) that can deliver at least 250ma (most wall wart type power supplies work, batteries are not recommended since their output varies over time). The supply will have a positive and negative lead, attach silver to each lead (contrary to Internet rumors, you aren’t drinking this so cheap 925(92.5%) Stirling silver is more than pure enough. You can expose the leads by clipping off the round plug at the end and splitting the wires, one will be positive and the other negative just like any old battery. Submerge both leads about 2-3 inches apart in a glass of distilled water (roughly 8 oz). Let this run for 8-24 hrs (until the liquid reads 12-15 ppm) and when you return the liquid will be a purple or silver hue and there may be some precipitate on the bottom.

This liquid is called colloidal silver. It is nothing more or less than fine particles of silver suspended in water so it is a completely natural solution and is safe to handle without any special precautions. The silver inhibits female flowering hormones in cannabis and so the result is that male flowering hormone dominates and male flowers are produced.

To use the silver, spray on a plant or branch three days prior to switching the lights to 12/12 and continue spraying every three days until you see the first male flowers. Repeated applications after the first flowers appear may result in more male flowers and therefore more pollen. As the plant matures it will produce pollen that can be collected and used to pollinate any female flower (including flowers on the same plant).

Silver Thiosulfate (STS) Edit

Silver Thiosulfate is a substance that has similar principle, application and results of CS, but is more difficult to make. STS is more difficult to acquire, but it can still be obtained directly from a chemical supply company. STS is not an expensive or controlled substance.

Gibberellic Acid (GA3) Edit

This is probably the most popular way to produce feminized seed, but at the same time the least effective. GA3 is a plant hormone that also causes the plant to stretch uncontrollably. It can be purchased readily in powdered form, a quick search reveals numerous sources on e-bay for as little as $15. Simply add to water to reach 100ppm concentration and spray the plant daily for 10 days during flowering and male flowers will be produced.