Is CBD Oil Legal in Nebraska? We cover the legality of CBD in the state and laws that you need to be aware of before you buy. Nebraska is notoriously against cannabis legalization, and the state’s several attempts to develop a medical cannabis program have failed. Still, they have implemented programs to legalize hemp agriculture, leaving residents fuzzy on the state’s stance on CBD. Is CBD legal in Nebraska? Or is it subject to the same hars
Is CBD oil legal in Nebraska?
Yes, cannabidiol (CBD) oil and other products derived from hemp that have been evaluated by regulators are legal in Nebraska.
The Nebraska Hemp Farming Act, signed into law on May 30, 2019, allows for the cultivation and commercial distribution of hemp-derived cannabidiol (CBD) products, as long as they are tested and approved by the Nebraska Department of Agriculture. CBD that is derived from the marijuana plant is still considered illegal in the state and federally, unless it meets Food and Drug Administration (FDA) requirements such as in prescription formulations.
The act aligns with the federal Farm Bill of 2018 and its definitions of hemp and marijuana, using 0.3% THC by weight as the legal threshold between the two.
What is CBD?
CBD is a non-intoxicating cannabinoid, and the-second-most prominent compound in the plant after THC, which is largely responsible for the cannabis high. Sourced from marijuana or hemp plants, CBD has a wide range of potential therapeutic benefits, including anti-inflammatory, analgesic, anti-anxiety, and seizure-suppressant properties. Most cannabis strains on the market today contain small amounts of CBD, compared with THC. But since the cannabinoid has gained considerable attention for its wide range of potential benefits, a number of high-CBD strains have popped up in recent years.
CBD elicits effects on the body through a range of biological pathways, including the body’s most common cannabinoid receptors, which cannabinoids bind to so they can be broken down and dispersed by enzymes. Current research suggests that the benefits of CBD are achieved when the cannabinoid activates multiple receptor pathways rather than just one. This may also account for CBD’s wide range of potential therapeutic uses.
Why is CBD sometimes illegal?
Hemp strains don’t produce enough of the cannabinoid THC to cause intoxication, but all types of cannabis, including hemp, were considered illegal under the 1970 Federal Controlled Substances Act. The legislation swept all cannabis under the Schedule 1 umbrella, which defined cannabis as a substance with a high potential for abuse, no accepted medical use, and a likelihood for addiction.
The 2018 Farm Bill legalized hemp cultivation and created a clear pathway to remove some cannabis from Schedule 1 status by creating a legal distinction between hemp and marijuana. Under the new legislation, hemp is classified as cannabis that contains less than 0.3% THC by weight; marijuana is cannabis that contains more than 0.3% THC. As a result, hemp-derived CBD was descheduled by the bill, but marijuana and its derivatives, including CBD, remain Schedule 1 substances. Hemp is now considered an agricultural commodity under the 2018 Farm Bill, but it must be produced and sold under regulations that implement the bill. The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) has yet to create these regulations.
The Farm Bill also endowed the FDA with the ability to regulate CBD’s labeling, therapeutic claims, and presence in foods or drinks. Despite the Farm Bill’s passage, the FDA has issued a directive that no CBD, not even hemp-derived, may be added to food or beverages or marketed as a dietary supplement. As time passes, the FDA has begun re-evaluating that stance on CBD products but has yet to revise rules or specifically regulate CBD products. The FDA’s slow movement has created further confusion on the state level.
The FDA has historically been strict when it comes to health claims or content that could be understood as medical advice — and makes no exception for CBD.
Hemp production and sale, including its cannabinoids and CBD specifically, remain tightly regulated federally. The Farm Bill provides that individual states may also regulate and even prohibit CBD cultivation and commerce. States may attempt to regulate CBD in food, beverage, dietary supplements, and cosmetic products independently of the FDA’s rules.
Laws and regulations regarding CBD are evolving nationwide. Photo by: Gina Coleman/Weedmaps
Nebraska CBD laws
The Nebraska Hemp Farming Act, or LB 657) was signed into law by Republican Gov. Pete Ricketts on May 30, 2019, effectively bringing Nebraska law in line with the 2018 Farm Bill. Under both the Farm Bill and the Nebraska Hemp Farming Act, CBD oil derived from a cannabis or hemp plant which contains less than 0.3% THC is a legal substance.
Prior to the passing of the state hemp bill, the Nebraska legislature had passed a hemp agricultural pilot program, which allowed for the cultivation of industrial hemp by the state Department of Agriculture or approved state universities. The Nebraska Hemp Farming Act requires the Department of Agriculture to submit regulations for hemp cultivation for federal approval, per the demands of the Farm Bill.
Though the Nebraska Hemp Farming Act doesn’t name CBD directly, it does state that legal hemp includes any derivative, extract, or cannabinoid with no more than 0.3% THC. The slight lack of clarity within the language of the bill has caused some confusion among prospective CBD sellers and legislatures over whether CBD is completely legal, even under the new regulations.
Prior to the passing of the Nebraska Hemp Farming Act, Republican Attorney General Doug Peterson issued a memo stating that, unless CBD is in an FDA-approved drug or authorized by the University of Nebraska Medical Center (UNMC) it was still considered a Schedule 1 substance by the state. As of September 2019, the Attorney General has yet to issue a new statement on the matter in follow-up to the passing of the hemp farming bill.
Licensing requirements for CBD
Those looking to cultivate, process, handle, and broker industrial hemp in the state of Nebraska must apply with the Department of Agriculture and pay the necessary cultivator, cultivator site registration, processor-handler site, and site modification fees with the Department of Agriculture. All hemp and hemp-derived CBD products must also be tested for THC concentration by a state-licensed testing facility.
Selling unapproved CBD products is considered sale of a controlled substance under Nebraska law. Penalties for cultivating or selling a controlled substance in Nebraska includes a $25,000 fine and a prison sentence of one to 20 years.
Nebraska CBD possession limits
Possession of hemp-derived CBD is legal as long as it was derived from hemp cultivated and sold under state regulations. Possession of CBD derived from a non-regulated source is considered possession of a controlled substance and results in prison time and fines if convicted.
A first offense of possession of 1 ounce, or 28.35 grams, or less of cannabis is treated as an infraction with a $300 fine. For second and third offenses, possession of 1 ounce, or 28.35 grams, or less result in a $500 fine with five and seven days jail time, respectively. Possession of more than 1 ounce to 1 pound, or 28.35 to 454 grams, of cannabis is a misdemeanor, resulting in a $500 fine and three months of incarceration. Possession of more than 1 pound, or 454 grams, is a felony, with penalties including five years prison time and a $10,000 fine.
New formulations of CBD allow the cannabinoid to be used in a variety of ways. Photo by: (Gina Coleman/Weedmaps)
Where to buy CBD in Nebraska
CBD oil and other CBD products can be legally purchased from state retailers that have sourced their product from licensed hemp cultivators. CBD is also available for sale from online retailers, but may not offer products that meet the requirements of the Nebraska Hemp Farming Act.
How to read CBD labels and packaging
The 2018 Farm Bill shifted oversight from the U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ) to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). As the FDA slowly begins to make new regulations for CBD products, the market remains largely buyer beware. Still, the agency warns that in-flux regulations don’t excuse companies from making only reputable claims on their labeling.
Most reputable CBD producers will typically include the following information on their CBD product labels:
Is CBD Legal in Nebraska?
Nebraska is notoriously against cannabis legalization, and the state’s several attempts to develop a medical cannabis program have failed. Still, they have implemented programs to legalize hemp agriculture, leaving residents fuzzy on the state’s stance on CBD.
Is CBD legal in Nebraska? Or is it subject to the same harsh rejection as cannabis derived products?
Luckily, Nebraska shows its soft side with CBD, and the state removed hemp-derived CBD from it’s controlled substances list after the 2018 Farm Bill passed into law.
Before you buy CBD in the state, you should still make sure that the products you intent to purchase align with Nebraska CBD laws:
Disclaimer: We’re always working to stay informed on the latest CBD laws and research. However, state laws are subject to change and we advise that you do your own research to verify the information you find in this article. This is not intended as legal advice.
- Like many states, Nebraska introduced a hemp research plan before the 2018 Farm Bill was passed. Now, the state has updated legislation to remove CBD from the state’s controlled substances list.
- The state has no minimum age for CBD, but vendors may restrict access to consumers under 21.
- Doctors may recommend CBD in Nebraska, but you do not need a prescription to access it.
- CBD is accessible across the state, but there are very few regulations in place to protect consumers. Certain practices, like buying CBD online and properly vetting your CBD brand, may reduce the risks of buying low-quality formulas.
Legal Concerns About CBD
It’s true that CBD gained its federal legal status in 2018. The Hemp Farming Act effectively removed industrial hemp and its natural derivatives (like cannabinoids) from the Controlled Substances Act.
But there’s a catch, and it complicates things:
Legal CBD products must come from industrial hemp.
This classification is designated to hemp material that meets a strict set of standards. The most significant is that it contains less than 0.3% THC on a dry weight basis. If CBD products are made from any cannabis strain that contains more than 0.3% THC, it is not a federally legal product.
The final product must contain less than 0.3% THC, too.
That means that even if a brand starts with legal hemp material, they need to carry out careful manufacturing procedures to produce a legal end product. It’s possible for certain cannabinoids to be “concentrated” during the extraction process, leading to higher THC concentrations than in the original material. Proper manufacturing and careful testing need to be employed to avoid this issue.
Because there is very little regulation in the CBD industry, it’s important to evaluate a brand carefully before you buy. It can be hard to tell if a CBD product is made from a legal hemp source and meets the federal guidelines for legal hemp products. The best way to ensure that your CBD products are legal is by checking the third-party lab tests for cannabinoid potency.
Of course, these regulations only apply on a federal scale. You must also ensure that your products meet the standards laid out by federal guidelines and those set by your state.
What are the CBD laws in Nebraska?
Nebraska passed a bil to establish a hemp agriculture plan in the state before the 2018 Farm Bill was even signed into law, but this outdated legislature only provided hemp access to the state Department of Agriculture and various approved universities.
At the time, Governor Doug Peterson issued a statement declaring that CBD was only legal if it was used in an FDA-approved medication or distributed as part of the approved University’s research programs. Despite the states’ limited hemp agriculture plan, CBD was still listed as a controlled substance in Nebraska.
In May of 2019, Governor Pete Rickets signed LB 657 into law, a bill informally known as the Nebraska Hemp Farming Act.
In line with the hemp pilot programs found in progressive hemp states, like Kentucky or Colorado, this bill extended access to hemp to farmers across the state. It also redefined hemp to match federal definitions, dictating that any cannabis substance with less than 0.3% THC by weight could be classified as hemp.
The bill did not mention CBD directly, but included “extracts or cannabinoids” in hemp’s new definition, effectively barring the prohibition of CBD from hemp. This new bill does not place very many regulations on the productions of CBD, aside from requiring that hemp growers and manufacturers be licensed by the state in accordance with the federal farm bill.
Eventually, the state’s controlled substances list was also updated to remove hemp-derived CBD, making cannabidiol accessible across the state. However, the state has made no more direct statements on CBD or how it can be used. In other words, Nebraska has much more lenient CBD laws than states where CBD consumables are prohibited, like California, Georgia, and Minnesota.
Is full spectrum CBD legal in Nebraska?
It’s easy to assume that CBD isolate is legal in many places since it contains no THC, but many consumers are worried that the trace amounts of THC found in full-spectrum CBD products may cause trouble in states where cannabis is illegal. Nebraska’s laws allow CBD products to contain up to 0.3% THC, so full spectrum CBD is legal in the state.
Does Nebraska have a CBD possession limit?
Nebraska does not define any possession limits for CBD products derived from industrial hemp that meet state requirements. Other CBD products, like those derived from cannabis, are illegal in the state.
Can doctors prescribe CBD in Nebraska?
No prescription is needed to access CBD in Nebraska. In fact, doctors typically cannot “prescribe” CBD products that are sold over the counter, rather they may “recommend” them. Even in states where medical marijuana is legal, access usually requires a doctor’s recommendation, not a prescription.
CBD is still new, and only one CBD product has been approved by the FDA to date. This product, GW Pharmaceuticals’ Epidiolex, is designed to treat rare forms of childhood epilepsy. Aside from this product (which comes with stringent usage guidelines), many doctors are still learning about CBD. If you’re interested in the benefits of CBD, you may need to spark a conversation with your doctor.
Where to buy CBD in Nebraska?
Nebraska laws make it possible for CBD to be manufactured and sold in the state, and you may find a variety of CBD products at stores local to you. Still, the state imposes no regulations to ensure consumer safety, and this lack of regulation can be risky.
Buying CBD online is a suitable option for most consumers. When you buy CBD online directly from the brand, you get better oversight of the brand’s manufacturing practices. Looking at the brand’s hemp source and lab testing procedures can help ensure that the CBD products you choose are clean, potent, and meet legal guidelines.
Buying CBD directly from a brand instead of from a third-party market may also be less costly since you won’t have to pay the extra fees that are often tacked on by the middle man. Of course, premium CBD can be expensive to manufacture, so you should also be wary of products that offer low-ball prices.
Finally, buying CBD online may be the best way to access many different types of CBD. The most common type of CBD product is an oil tincture, but you can find a variety of CBD edibles, topicals, and other specialty products when you shop online.
For more information on how to find high-quality CBD products, check out our CBD Buyer’s Guide.
Can you buy CBD at 18 in Nebraska?
Even when searching through federal regulations, there is virtually no mention of the legal age to purchase CBD products. In theory, CBD should be accessible to people of all ages, especially since it gained its popularity as a treatment for various childhood illnesses. Of course, some products may not be suitable for people of all ages, like smokable hemp flower or CBD vaporizers.
Nebraska does not declare a legal age for the purchase of hemp-derived CBD products. Laws may vary by jurisdiction, but most often these rules are decided by the vendor. Since the legal age for tobacco products has been raised to 21, many smoke shops may require users to be 21.
Many CBD brands allow customers who are 18 or older to order online and will ship legal CBD products to Nebraska.
Is CBD legal in all 50 states?
Thanks to federal updates, CBD has the potential to be legal in every U.S. state. CBD is legal in Nebraska, but every state has different regulations regarding the manufacture and sale of CBD. Click here to find out where CBD is legal.