People in Indiana are allowed to use or distribute CBD oil that contains no more than 0.3% tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and meets the labeling requirements. Wondering where to buy CBD oil in Indiana? Whether you're in Indianapolis, Fort Wayne, Evansville, or even Bloomington, you're in luck! CBD oil still confuses a lot of people. Here’s what we know about this cannabinoid.
Is CBD Oil Legal in Indiana? – August 2022
Indiana residents may use or distribute CBD oils and other products with 0.3% or less THC based on independent lab results (4) .
Governor Eric Holcomb signed Senate Bill 52 in March 2018, which allowed CBD consumption and sale if the packaging includes a bar code or QR code linked to a document containing the following information:
- Batch ID number
- Product name
- Batch date
- Expiration date
- Batch size
- List of ingredients
- Certificate of analysis (COA) link
- Number of milligrams of CBD
- Manufacturer’s name
The COA should show that these CBD products do not contain more than 0.3% THC . THC is a psychoactive substance that causes various effects in humans and animals (5) . One of the most common results when consuming THC is a euphoric “high.”
Historically, Indiana has held an anti- cannabis position. Several bills were written to develop a medical marijuana program, yet none of them have been passed. At this time, marijuana is not allowed in the state.
On March 26, 2014, the then Governor Mike Pence signed IC 15-15-13 (6) . This Indiana law authorized the Office of Indiana State Chemist (OISC) and seed commissioner to produce and regulate industrial hemp in the state of Indiana . However, this legislation did not yet allow consumers to access hemp-derived products.
Three years later, Governor Holcomb signed House Bill 1148 (7) . This bill legalized the use of CBD oil containing less than 0.3% THC to treat epilepsy seizures. It allowed the use of hemp-derived CBD products if a patient’s symptoms are resistant to traditional therapies.
Since HB 1148 did not specify how patients may access these products, a new law broadening consumer access to CBD has been signed.
In March 2018, Governor Holcomb passed Senate Bill 52, which allowed the use and sale of cannabidiol, even outside medicinal purposes, granted that it has less than 0.3% THC and satisfies the labeling requirements set by the bill (8) .
The 2018 Farm Bill , which legalized hemp-derived CBD , was also passed in the same year.
In 2019, Indiana lawmakers drafted and passed Senate Bill 516, which further aligned the state’s terminology with that of the federal government (9) . The law also banned the selling and consumption of smokable hemp.
Indiana CBD Laws
Historically, Indiana was a conservative state. After the Marihuana Tax Act in 1937, the legislation resulted in the state having the most stringent laws on marijuana in the United States .
In 2013, there were efforts to change state laws , yet these efforts had little success. Bills, such as Senate Bill 284 (10) and House Bill 1487 (11) , were introduced in 2015, as lawmakers attempt to legalize medical marijuana . However, SB 284 was canceled even before it had a hearing, while the h ouse bill was unable to advance.
A few years later, several laws were passed to legalize hemp-derived cannabidiol products to the public.
Here are the laws related to the legalization of CBD in the state of Indiana :
House Bill 1148
In 2017, House Bill 1148 was signed by Gov. Eric Holcomb , allowing doctors and healthcare professionals to use hemp-derived CBD oil products in treating epilepsy (12) . The bill highlights that CBD products should not contain more than 0.3% amount of THC .
With the bill ’s passage , a CBD registry was created for epilepsy patients, making CBD products easier for constituents to access. The law came into effect in July 2017.
Senate Bill 52
Holcomb signed SB 52 in March 2018 (13) . The bill legalized CBD use and sale for purposes not necessarily medical as long as the product had less than 0.3% THC . SB 52 also established testing, packaging, and labeling requirements to allow retailers to distribute and sell low- THC hemp extracts.
One of the state’s labeling requirements is to have a QR code linked to a document containing the hemp extrac t details . The information should include pertinent data, such as the batch identification number, product name, expiration date, batch size, and ingredients used.
Label requirements on CBD products vary depending on the state. The most common label requirements are available in medical cannabis and state-licensed adult-use programs.
Although there are no federal guidelines on CBD labeling , most manufacturers mimic federal dietary labels.
The dosage is an essential aspect that should be present on a label. CBD dosage often includes the total milligrams of CBD in the whole package, serving size, and the number of servings.
Knowing where the cannabidiol from a CBD product comes from is equally important.
Senate Bill 516
Along with several other senators, the then Senator Randall Head wrote SB 516, which established the Indiana Hemp Advisory Committee (14) . The group was formed to provide advice to the office of the state seed commissioner concerning Indiana ‘s hemp laws.
SB 516 aligns with federal law by changing references from “industrial hemp” to “hemp,” amending the state’s hemp definition, and allowing the aerial inspection of hemp crops. The law was signed by Governor Holcomb and came into effect in May 2019.
Currently , hemp farms in the state operate under the guidelines set forth by the Indiana State Chemist and Seed Commissioner’s office (15) . The commissioner’s office continues to draft new rules to revise Indiana hemp laws after SB 516 ’s passage.
Individuals who have a license from the Office of the Indiana State Chemist are allowed to grow industrial hemp . The permit also allows them to process hemp-derived products.
Hemp plants grown by people who do not have the necessary licenses are considered marijuana (16) . Violators are at risk of prosecution and may be fined or incarcerated.
Indiana hemp licenses are issued under the regulations of the state’s Industrial Hemp Act. The following are the primary requirements for aspiring hemp growers:
- Application form containing property GPS coordinates
- Written consent to perform a background check and applicable fee
- A signed statement that the applicant has not been convicted of a misdemeanor in the past 10 years
There are application and field site change fees charged for the 2021 season. As of November 2020, a n application fee costs $750 for either grower or handler or $1,500 for both. Meanwhile, site change fees cost $50.
Cannabis plants in Indiana must test below 0.3% THC to be considered hemp (17) . The Office of the Indiana State Chemist regulates hemp processing and production in the state.
Buying CBD Legally
Indiana has zero-tolerance for driving under the influence of marijuana ( THC content ), cannabis metabolites , and other controlled substances (18) . People must be careful when deciding to buy cannabis products , especially since even trace amounts of THC can show up in a drug test .
Here are the key things to keep in mind when buying cannabidiol in Indiana :
- Check to ensure that the CBD product contains less than 0.3% THC .
- Select brands that test their products through a third-party lab. Reputable CBD companies readily make their lab test results available to the public.
- CBD hemp oil is best produced through supercritical CO 2 extraction. CO 2 extraction is considered a safe and efficient method of obtaining cannabidiol from hemp (19) .
- Choose a CBD brand that has clear policies on shipping and returns.
To ensure legality and safety, users need to research the CBD products and the brand that sells them. Visiting the brand website to check the company’s transparency is essential. Reading customer reviews and testimonials is equally important.
Reliable brands also include the ingredients used in their CBD hemp products and their recommended dosage in their product label . Most c ompanies offer CBD in varying strengths to meet the different needs of their consumers.
How to Choose Which CBD Products to Buy
The following are some tips that can help buyers select high-quality CBD products for their supposed health benefits :
Check Brand Reviews
Before purchasing CBD products in Indiana, users should check brand reviews, including rating or accreditation, if applicable, from Better Business Bureau (BBB).
BBB-accredited CBD brands are credible as they have passed in terms of transparency and ethical business practices.
Purchase Organic Hemp-Derived CBD
Some farmers , whether knowingly or unknowingly, grow hemp plants on sites that have industrial contamination. Research has shown that plants absorb minerals from the soil, including any toxins present (20) .
Users should choose CBD products made from organic hemp and tested for pesticides, heavy metals, and other harmful chemicals.
Reliable CBD brands in Indiana are also members of hemp organizations and have certifications from agencies such as the US Hemp Authority and the US Department of Agriculture.
Check the CBD Extraction Method
Look for brands that use conventional CBD extraction solvents , like food-grade ethanol and carbon dioxide. These natural solvents ensure that CBD products retain all the terpenes and cannabinoids of cannabis plants .
Identify the Type of CBD
There are three types of CBD products sold: full-spectrum, broad-spectrum, and CBD isolates.
Full-spectrum CBD contains all the chemical compounds of cannabis . Broad-spectrum CBD is the variant that has all the cannabis plant components except THC . Meanwhile, isolates contain pure CBD only .
People should choose the right type of CBD for their needs. Buying CBD that contains THC may be a problem for users who need to undergo a drug test .
Where to Buy CBD Products Legally
Users can buy CBD products from local retailers , dispensaries, and pharmacies in Indiana .
These products can be purchased as tinctures , gummies, creams (topicals), capsules, and vapes. Some stores even sell CBD for pets and CBD flowers .
The following are some of the stores that sell CBD products in Indiana with an A rating from BBB:
- Indy CBD Plus in Indianapolis
- The CBD Store of Fort Wayne in Fort Wayne
- Sir Vapes-A-Lot in Indianapolis
- Bell Family Dispensary in Bloomington (BBB-accredited)
- Owlslee CBD in Indianapolis
Stores that receive high ratings and accreditation from BBB are credible. BBB evaluates brands in terms of customer service, transparency, and ethical business practices.
Indiana residents can also purchase from CBD retailer s online. Many CBD brands sell cannabidiol products through their websites.
What Is CBD?
Cannabidiol (CBD) is a chemical compound derived from C annabis s ativa plants. It is the second most abundant cannabinoid (21) after tetrahydrocannabinol or THC .
Studies showed that CBD has several potential health benefits . One study discussed cannabidiol ’s purported antipsychotic, neuroprotective, and anxiolytic properties (22) .
While hemp-derived CBD products containing 0.3% or less THC are allowed in Indiana, doctors cannot technically prescribe CBD to Indiana residents.
However, they can recommend CBD products to their patients for pain relief.
Currently, doctors in Indiana can prescribe Epidiolex only, a Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved CBD product that helps treat rare cases of epilepsy (23) .
Consulting a physician before consuming any CBD product is essential to avoid complications. Doctors familiar with cannabis can give users excellent advice on CBD’s effects on an individual’s medical condition .
What Is the Difference Between Hempseed Oil and CBD Oil?
Despite their nutritional value, hemp seeds do not yield the active cannabidiol compound. Hempseed oil does not contain CBD and has a minimal cannabinoid profile.
Meanwhile, high-quality CBD oil can only come from the leaves, stems, flowers, and stalks of the cannabis plant .
Can Pets Take CBD?
CBD oil intended for human consumption should not be given to animals. CBD products made for pets are less potent than their human counterparts because cannabinoids may affect animals differently.
Pet CBD tinctures can be applied by placing drops of the oil into the dogs’ mouths, in the same way humans can take the substance sublingually (under the tongue) .
Although Indiana has been anti- cannabis historically , the state is now more open to producing and distributing hemp-derived CBD products .
Consumers in Indiana can legally buy CBD oil in the state, granted that these items do not contain more than 0.3% THC and adhere to the state’s labeling requirements .
To identify high-quality CBD, users should check the product labels and compare the information with the items’ corresponding lab reports.
Individuals should consult with a doctor before deciding to use any cannabidiol product for their medical condition s .
Where to Buy CBD Oil in Indiana? Hemp Oil Laws & Legality (2022)
Cannabidiol is rapidly gaining in popularity as one of the most wanted wellness and health substances, which is why we can expect to see more CBD product retailers popping up in the states pretty soon. Aside from being perfectly safe for both adults and children, cannabidiol comes with a wide range of potential health benefits while having no psychoactive properties whatsoever.
As CBD is becoming more widely used in the U.S. for its abundance of health benefits, there are more and more places you can find CBD oil, including Indiana. Although the legality of CBD products depends on their source, it is possible to purchase CBD oil in Indiana.
Before we introduce you to the list of places to visit when looking for CBD-based products, here is a quick breakdown of everything you need to know about the legality of CBD oil in Indiana.
Update: We no longer recommend purchasing CBD oil locally due to contaminated and untested CBD oils being sold in Indiana stores.
If you are interested in learning more, read our guide on buying CBD near you.
We have compiled a list of the best pure CBD oils available for purchase legally in Indiana below to save you time.
Where to Buy CBD Oil in Indiana?
As mentioned before, hemp-based CBD products are legal in all 50 states, and you can find them in many stores across Indiana. According to the Farm Bill of 2014, hemp-derived CBD oil is fully legal as long as it contains less than 0.3% THC.
With the rapid growth of the industry in the state, you can easily buy CBD oil at one of many stores located all over Indiana. On the other hand, many local stores may offer different standards regarding the quality of their products. Thus, if you don’t feel confident in the field of CBD oils, consider purchasing the product online. Since you can find many various hemp-derived products on the Internet, there is no reason to order the desired CBD oil online.
Buying CBD Oil Online in Indiana
When buying CBD oil online, you can actually access a wide range of quality products and trusted manufacturers. Since hemp-based products are legal all over the U.S., you can easily order your desired product from anywhere within the country without having to leave your home. Additionally, it’s a lot easier to do your research on a particular manufacturer to find out whether or not the offered product is worth your money.
Need more reasons to order your desired products online? First of all, wholesale deals. There’s nothing better than getting the best product at the most affordable price. Moreover, you don’t need to leave your home to find exactly what you need, as you can choose, order, and get your product at home! In fact, more and more people decide to order CBD products online these days, as it’s convenient and easy, but also fast, considering the time you would have to spend looking for a reliable product locally.
Wondering how to recognize a reliable brand among the overwhelming number of manufacturers offering CBD oil these days? Although it may seem confusing to find a quality hemp-based product and buy it from a trustworthy source, always check the company’s transparency. The most important thing is the 3rd party lab testing results to prove the particular product is high-quality and safe.
Royal CBD – Full Spectrum
- Rated #1 for overall
- Highest quality hemp oil on our list
- 100% organic, free of pesticides and artificial ingredients
- Established brand with 24/7 customer support
- 30-day 100% money-back guarantee
- Sourced from US-grown organic hemp
- Contains full-spectrum CBD
- Up to 80 mg CBD/mL
- Great potency range for beginners
- Third-party tested for potency and purity
- Great kiwi-honey flavor
Is CBD Oil Legal in Indiana?
With the growing knowledge of cannabis and its beneficial properties, more states are starting to legalize marijuana for medical and recreational use. However, Indiana still has a strict policy in terms of marijuana. Thus, both the sale and possession of marijuana in Indiana are considered a crime.
The good news is cannabidiol can be derived either from the marijuana or hemp variety of the cannabis plant. Therefore, the legality of CBD oil in Indiana depends on its source. Here is a quick guide through CBD laws in Indiana:
Marijuana CBD Oil in Indiana
Indiana is one of those states where you can’t legally sell or possess marijuana, whether for recreational or medical use. That being said, marijuana-derived CBD oil is illegal in the state.
Although several bills on marijuana legalization have been introduced in the state legislature over the last few years, none of them have been approved. In fact, none of these bills have progressed very far. Thus, we still have to wait until marijuana-derived CBD oil becomes legal in Indiana.
Hemp CBD Oil in Indiana
Contrary to marijuana-based products, CBD oil derived from hemp is fully legal in Indiana. As of 2018, under the Farm Bill, all cannabis extracts derived from industrial hemp are completely allowed and legal. The only condition is that these products have to contain less than 0.3% of THC.
Since the federal legalization of hemp-based products, both cultivation and use of industrial hemp are legal on the federal level across the country, unless the in-state law states otherwise. Fortunately, buying CBD oil in Indiana is fully legal as long as it’s derived from hemp. Wondering how to get your hands on hemp-based products in the state? Here is a quick guide on where to buy CBD oil in Indiana.
Where to Buy CBD Oil Locally in Indiana?
Buying CBD oil in Indiana is relatively easy. You can find hemp-based products at one of several popular stores in the state. Although online retailers offer a selection of high-quality CBD products, door-to-door delivery, and wholesale deals, some of you may prefer to shop for CBD locally. Thus, we’ve prepared a list of at least a few places where you can buy CBD oil in Indiana.
Below you will find a list of the best-rated hemp-based product retailers in Indianapolis, Wayne, Evansville, Bloomington, and South Bend.
CBD Oil Shops in Indianapolis
There are at least a few stores in Indianapolis selling high-quality CBD products. Whenever you visit the capital of Indiana, remember to visit the following locations:
|Xpress Tobacco Outlet||622 S Rangeline Rd B, Carmel, IN 46032|
|20 Past 4 and More||3433 Madison Ave, Indianapolis, IN 46227|
|CBD & Vape||6920 Eagle Highlands Way#700b, Indianapolis, IN 46254|
|Dragon Smoke & Vape Shop||10535 E Washington St, Indianapolis, IN 46229|
|Happy Daze Smoke Shop||6450 W 10th St STE 2, Indianapolis, IN 46214|
CBD Oil Shops in Fort Wayne
Having a quick stop at Fort Wayne? Fear not, as you can find at least one store with hemp-derived CBD oil, as well as a selection of hemp-based products infused with valuable cannabidiol. Since finding more places in Fort Wayne may be challenging, consider buying CBD oil online, especially if you don’t feel like exploring the city to find CBD oil stationarily.
|CBD Store of Fort Wayne||1858, 3629 N Clinton St, Fort Wayne, IN 46805|
CBD Oil Shops in Evansville
Evansville is home to some of the most popular vape shops and CBD stores in Indiana. There are many locations selling quality hemp-based products in the city. Whenever you’re in Evansville, make sure you don’t miss out on the following places:
|Adele’s Naturally||2704 Lincoln Ave, Evansville, IN 47714|
|Puff N Stuff Vapor||2163 E Morgan Ave, Evansville, IN 47711|
|Crush Vapor & Smoke Shop||215 N Stockwell Rd, Evansville, IN 47715|
|Adele’s Natural Foods||4488 N First Ave, Evansville, IN 47710|
CBD Oil Shops in Bloomington
We’re still waiting for Bloomington to bloom with vape and CBD shops, but the city still has a couple of places worth your time. Below you will find the most recommended places for buying CBD oil in Bloomington:
|B-Town Botanicals Hydroponics & CBD||339 E Winslow Rd, Bloomington, IN 47401|
|Bell Family Dispensary LLC CBD Oil||5595 W State Rd 46, Bloomington, IN 47404|
CBD Oil Shops in South Bend
Last but not least, South Bend. The city has some good stores you can visit when craving some CBD oil. If you’re looking for the best places to buy CBD oil in South Bend, here is the list of the city’s most popular retailers:
|Vape & Smoke South Bend||1404 N Ironwood Dr, South Bend, IN 46635|
|Glass Roots||2008, 109 S Main St, Mishawaka, IN 46544|
Final Thoughts on Buying CBD Oil in Indiana
Unfortunately, marijuana-derived CBD oil is still illegal in Indiana, but you can easily buy hemp-based products in the state. With the legality of hemp across the U.S., it’s fully legal to buy CBD oil locally in Indiana. However, if you don’t feel like leaving your home to find a trustworthy local retailer, consider ordering your CBD oil online. With wholesale deals, the highest quality of product offered, and door-to-door delivery, buying CBD oil online is the most convenient option these days. Keep in mind that most manufacturers ship their products all over the U.S., which makes them easily accessible regardless of your location.
Nina created CFAH.org following the birth of her second child. She was a science and math teacher for 6 years prior to becoming a parent — teaching in schools in White Plains, New York and later in Paterson, New Jersey.
What we know about CBD oil and how it can be legally used in Indiana
CBD oil, a cannabis-derived product often praised for its medicinal qualities, still confuses a lot of people.
For instance, is CBD oil legal in Indiana? It is — at least in normal doses.
Will CBD oil, also known as cannabidiol oil, show up on a drug test? Probably not.
Can it be used on pets? Some pet owners say it can relieve pain in their dogs and cats, but there isn’t much medical research to confirm that.
Here’s what we know about CBD oil.
What is CBD oil?
Hemp and marijuana are a different variety of the cannabis sativa plant.
CBD or cannabidiol, is one of many compounds — called cannabinoids — found in cannabis sativa, and it is extracted from the hemp variety, which has no or only trace amounts of delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the psychoactive compound that produces the mind-altering “high” associated with marijuana. Hemp also has a higher cannabidiol content than marijuana.
While CBD does not have psychoactive characteristics, it is believed to produce other changes in the body which could have medical benefits.
Is CBD oil legal in Indiana?
Yes, it has been legal since March 2018, when Gov. Eric Holcomb signed a measure legalizing low-THC cannabidiol oil in Indiana. The new Indiana law allows anyone to buy, sell and possess CBD oil, as long as it meets certain labeling requirements and contains no more than 0.3 percent THC, the substance that produces a “high.”
The law requires manufacturers to have each batch of product tested in order to ensure it has less than 0.3 percent THC. However, the law says nothing about the legality of making CBD oil in Indiana.
Also, Indiana has a zero tolerance law for THC and metabolites, the byproducts from the drug breaking down. So, you could get in trouble here for having even a trace amount of THC in your system, which could be possible if you use large amounts of CBD oil.
Medical marijuana and Indiana: What we know about effort to legalize weed
Does CBD oil show up in drug tests?
According to potguide.com, drug tests were designed to detect THC, the psychoactive ingredient found in marijuana. They weren’t designed to detect cannabidiol, or CBD.
So, the short answer is probably not.
Because CBD oil does contain trace amounts of THC, consuming extremely large amounts of CBD oil (in the neighborhood of from 1,000 to 2,000 mg/day) could possibly trigger a false positive result of small amounts of THC in the body, potguide.com says.
Where can you buy CBD oil in Indiana?
CBD oil can now purchased in most vaping shops, at some beauty salons, and at health-related businesses. It also can be purchased online at various CBD oil or pharmaceutical websites.
When purchasing CBD oil, whether in person or online, there are several factors you might consider. First, make sure that it falls at or below the 0.03 percent THC threshold to make sure it’s legal to use in Indiana. Second, try to learn whether it was organically grown and grown in the United States. That could lessen the chance of toxic contamination of the hemp from herbicides, pesticides or heavy metals in the soil.
Is CBD oil safe to use?
Cannabidiol can come in the form of an ointment, a liquid or pill form and is popular as a cosmetic (including mascara). It has reportedly also been used for relaxation by patients with anxiety disorders and for pain management and other uses. Others use CBD oil to reduce inflammation or regulate their metabolism.
However, medical research into the therapeutic benefits of cannabinoids, such as CBD oil, is limited and often inconclusive. Federal regulators have warned cannabis companies to stop marketing their cannabis and hemp oil products as treatments for skin conditions, panic attacks, arthritis, cancer and Ebola.
Before buying CBD oil, it would be advisable to contact your physician. Your doctor should know you are using it and may be able to provide advice or supporting materials.
What cannabis product did the FDA approve?
On June 25, the Food and Drug Administration approved the first-ever drug containing cannabis for use in the U.S.
Epidiolex was approved to treat two rare forms of epilepsy in patients older than 2. It can be used to treat Lennox-Gastaut syndrome and Dravet syndrome, conditions for which effective medicines have been difficult to find to control seizures. Epidiolex may someday be approved for “off-label uses” to treat other conditions.
The drug has known side effects, including lethargy, diarrhea and elevated liver enzymes, so patients who are taking it need to be carefully monitored by their physician.
What is the CBD oil dosage for dogs?
There is no known safe dosage for CBD oil for dogs, but there have been anecdotal accounts from pet owners about the positive benefits of CBD oil for dogs, especially in relieving neuropathic pain and in helping control seizures.
However, there is no definitive scientific data on how it affects your canine partner, according to the American Kennel Club.
Scientists do know that CBD oil interacts with receptors for cannabinoids present throughout the bodies of mammals, especially in the brain, influencing mood, thinking, pain and other functions. Such receptors are also common in the immune system, and research suggests CBD oil may spur the body to use more of its own cannabinoids.
The AKC Canine Health Foundation also is sponsoring a study, through Colorado State University’s College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, to evaluate the use of CBD oil in treatment-resistant dogs with epilepsy.
What is the best way to take CBD oil?
Doctors cannot prescribe CBD oil because there is no recommended daily allowance (RDA) or universal dose for patients. They can only recommend it to their patients.
Variables such as weight, diet, metabolism, and genetics all play a role, making the correct amount of CBD oil a personal choice for each patient, according to CBDOilRevieworg.
CBD oil can be ingested in many forms, including in a liquid drop, in CBD-infused chewing gum, in powder form, in edible foods such as brownies, in e-liquids used in vaping, in skin patches, and in lotions, shampoos, soaps and bath bombs.
Is CBD oil popular in Indiana?
Indiana is one of three states (Vermont and Oklahoma were the others) which had the most consistent interest in CBD oil, according to a new survey of online search data and industry leader opinions compiled by Remedy Review. Their article said Indiana “has seen remarkable popularity in CBD products,” since the state legalized them in March.
Call IndyStar digital producer Dwight Adams at 317-444-6532. Follow him on Twitter: @hdwightadams. IndyStar reporters Shari Rudavsky, Kaitlin Lange and Kellie Hwang contributed to this story.