Dogs, just like people, can develop glaucoma. Although severe eye diseases like glaucoma may seem like a simple eye problem, these are actually emergency eye problems that need to be addressed, Find out what you need to know here! What is Glaucoma? Symptoms of Glaucoma How to Treat Glaucoma in Dogs? 10 Best Remedies to Use Taking care of dogs is rewarding, but it isn’t always easy. If your dog suddenly develops an abnormal condition and you aren’t sure what to do, it can be very stressful. You only want what’s best for your pet, but sometimes yo
Dog Glaucoma Treatment, Can CBD Oil Help?
Dogs, just like people, can develop glaucoma. Although severe eye diseases like glaucoma may seem like a simple eye problem, these are actually emergency eye problems that may progress and become worse in a short period of time. Approximately 40% of dogs will lose their vision due to glaucoma.
If your dog’s eyes are red, misty, itchy or extremely weepy, it’s best to consult with your veterinarian immediately. With the high frequency of predisposed glaucoma occurring in purebred dogs, it’s important to know what to look out for so that you don’t miss the early signs. Mixed dog breeds are also susceptible to glaucoma.
Pain associated with glaucoma often shows up as behavioral changes in dogs. That said, you’re going to need to know how CBD oil can help dogs with glaucoma.
What is Glaucoma in Dogs?
Glaucoma takes place when there is an imbalance in the production and drainage of eye fluid. (aqueous humor) This then results in a buildup of fluid in the eye that increases eye pressure to very high levels, and causes a lot of pain. It is important to note that increased eye pressure in dogs should be taken seriously, since it may result in the destruction of the retina and optic disk.
There are Two Types of Glaucoma: Primary and Secondary
Primary entails the eye’s inability to drain through the filtration angles of the eye.
Open-Angle Glaucoma (Primary)
This is painless with a gradual development of blind spots or loss of vision over a long period of time. Primary open angle glaucoma is the most common type of glaucoma in dogs. Your veterinarian will need to use a tonometer to measure eye pressure in your dog.
The Dog Breeds Most Commonly Affected by Primary Open-Angle Glaucoma are Shiba-Inus, Beagles, and Shih- Tzu’s.
Close-angle glaucoma (Secondary)
This occurs due to a sudden increase in eye pressure, and is accompanied by severe pain, eye redness, and may cause a loss of vision. With glaucoma affecting approximately 1.7% of all dogs in the US, it’s necessary to visit your veterinarian immediately if you suspect that your dog is suffering from any eye problems.
Glaucoma will usually benefit from long-term treatment. Although early signs of glaucoma are hard to distinguish, your veterinarian will use the following methods to diagnose and treat glaucoma in your pooch.
-Tonometer to measure eye pressure
-Medical or surgical treatment or a combination of both to decrease eye pressure
-Medication that will draw out eye fluid or decrease the production of eye fluid
Symptoms of Early Glaucoma May Include the Following:
- Mild congestion of the conjunctiva veins
- Early eye enlargement
- Slight dilation of the pupil (not responding to light)
- Behavioral changes
- Spasmodic winking
- Blood vessels are red
- Cloudy front part of the eye
- Vision loss
If your dog is not treated immediately for glaucoma and has a prolonged eye pressure within the eye, symptoms may result in the following:
- Displacement of the eye lens
- Enlargement of the eyeball
- Breaks in the corneal membrane
- Behavioral changes
- Progression of the advancement of degeneration within the eye
Symptoms of Secondary Glaucoma or Glaucoma Resulting from Secondary Eye Infections May Include the Following:
- Redness of blood vessels in eye whites
- The front part of the eye may be cloudy in appearance
- High eye pressure
- Pupil constriction may occur
- Iris may attach to the cornea or eye lens
- Iris edge may attach in a circular motion to the eye lens
- Debris that is inflammatory may be visible in the front part of the eye.
- Lack of appetite
- Lethargy accompanied by a headache from eye pressure
New 2018 Study adds That CBD Mixed With THC May Worsen Glaucoma, Raise Eye Pressure
A new 2018 study from Indiana University found that “ Tetrahydrocannabinol, or THC, the primary psychoactive ingredient of marijuana, was found to effectively lower pressure in the eye, as has been previously reported. But the study found that the use of CBD in combination with THC blocked this effect.”
The study also states that “the chemical that causes this rise in pressure is cannabidiol, or CBD, a non-psychoactive ingredient in cannabis that is increasingly marketed to consumers in products such as oil, gummies, creams, and health food. It is also approved in many states as a treatment for conditions such as pediatric epilepsy,” via Science Daily
The study concludes with the following “ There were studies over 45 years ago that found evidence that THC lowers pressure inside the eye, but no one’s ever identified the specific neuroreceptors involved in the process until this study. These results could have important implications for future research on the use of cannabis as a therapy for intraocular pressure.”
What is CBD Oil?
Hemp refers to the cannabis varieties that are grown as an agricultural crop, and also contain low amounts of THC(tetrahydrocannabinol). THC is federally illegal in the US if it contains a higher amount than the O.3% allowed for use, though it’s been approved for both recreational and medical use in Canada, and numerous US states.
For all CBD pet products to be legal, they need to have less than 0.3% THC. CBD is natural, safe, and is derived from hemp and cannabis. Most CBD dog products will use CBD from hemp. That said, there is no “high” and dogs will not consume THC or tetrahydrocannabinol, resulting in psychoactive effects with your dog getting “high”.
CBD is a non-psychotropic phytocannabinoid and yields therapeutic and medicinal purposes for dogs. To help you understand more about the benefits of CBD oil for dogs dealing with glaucoma, let’s look at some research.
CBD Oil for Dogs with Glaucoma Pain
The potency of CBD oils both in capsule form, and those in bottles with droppers are much more potent and are sometimes more difficult to administer to difficult dogs that don’t take meds via droppers.
A few product lines contain phytocannabinoids, terpenes and fatty acids which support a huge range of ailments like phobias, joint pain, inflammation, digestive issues, mobility, seizures, and anxiety.
CBD Possible Side Effects in Dogs
What to Look for in CBD Oil Products for Dogs with Glaucoma?
- Hemp CBD should be 100% food grade
- Should be made using CO2 extraction
- No solvents like butane
- Full-spectrum lab testing by a third party for purity and potency
- Lab certificates need to be available for all pet parents
- Pesticide and herbicide free
- Made with non-GMO hemp
- Grain-free functional chews if purchasing CBD DOG TREATS
- Numerous additives in treats like pumpkin, coconut, turkey, sweet potato, blueberry with antioxidant properties.
Tips on CBD Oil for Dogs with Glaucoma
When it comes to dogs suffering from glaucoma, or chronic ocular hypertension, we need to be aware that eye pressure can reach 45-65 mmHg, making this an incredibly painful condition for dogs. Consulting with your veterinarian for immediate diagnosis and treatment whether medical or surgical is step one.
Your veterinarian will most likely recommend long-term treatment and drugs that will draw out the fluid from the eye, as well as other drugs that will decrease the production of fluids. It is important to keep in mind that although eye pressure is lowered initially, it will need to be stabilized throughout your dog’s lifetime to prevent further eye problems.
CBD Oil and Keeping Your Dogs Safe
- Ask for proper and accurate labeling and dosage instructions.
- Look at each CBD product and research what each CBD product does and does not contain.
- Find out where and how it was manufactured.
- Look at the research and find out more about the potential therapeutic effects
- Find out more about the risks with the specific CBD product by understanding the exact composition. Just because others are purchasing it, does not mean it’s right for your dog. Consult with your vet first!
- Look for misleading labels.
- Look out for harmful contaminants that may be potentially deadly. (Know what to look for)
- Research the 3 rd party labs associated with your CBD product.
- Make sure that CBD dog products are used responsibly
With all CBD dog products including edibles, the dosage will vary according to the brand you choose. Dogs will need different dosages, so it’s important to discuss with your vet first prior to using any CBD dog product. Consult with your veterinarian for safe and accurate dosage instructions.
Finding out whether the CBD oil you purchase is safe for your furry best friend should be easy!
Today with the unsanctioned medical use of CBD- based products containing a variety of oils, supplements, gums, and some with a very high concentration of extracts, we should all become familiar with what the safety norms are, and what to look out for when purchasing a safe, high-quality CBD oil free of contaminants that may be dangerous to your dog’s health. That said, always consult with your veterinarian prior to purchasing any CBD product for your pooch!
CBD Oil and Glaucoma
CBD breaks down peroxynitrite on contact. Because it’s an antioxidant, it prevents the formation of peroxynitrite inside the cell. CBD may prevent blindness by preventing apoptosis of neurons. That said, CBD with CBN, and CBG may help with glaucoma in dogs.
A 2003 study demonstrated that “in glaucoma, the increased release of glutamate is the major cause of retinal ganglion cell death. Cannabinoids have been demonstrated to protect neuron cultures from glutamate-induced death, “via PubMed. This study concluded that “The effect of THC was in part mediated by the cannabinoid receptor CB1. These results suggest the potential use of CBD as a novel topical therapy for the treatment of glaucoma.”
A 2006 pilot study wanting to assess the effect on intraocular pressure (IOP) and the safety and tolerability of oromucosal administration of a low dose of delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (Delta-9-THC) and cannabidiol (CBD) on people stated the following, “A single 5 mg sublingual dose of Delta-9-THC reduced the IOP temporarily and was well tolerated by most patients. Sublingual administration of 20 mg CBD did not reduce IOP, whereas 40 mg CBD produced a transient increase IOP rise,” via PubMed.
That said the use of CBD oil for glaucoma has been backed up by several studies. In a 1984 study, “i ntraocular pressure, ocular toxicity, and neurotoxicity after administration of cannabinol or cannabigerol lowers ocular tension considerably. While cannabinol had a modest effect on intraocular pressure after a single dose, it caused a more significant reduction in ocular tension during chronic administration. Cannabigerol had similar effects, but the magnitude of response to its chronic administration was greater,” via PubMed.
This study suggests that the use of hemp-based products and cannabis supplements, when administered in the right dosage, proved effective in treating glaucoma in dogs. As usual, consult with your veterinarian for the best CBD oil products for dogs with glaucoma is recommended. That said, hemp-based CBD pet products offer all the chemicals from the hemp plant which includes CBD, CBN, and CBG, as well as numerous other compounds like terpenes and cannabinoids.
The Importance of Opting for a High-quality, Full-Spectrum CBD Vet Approved Product
When looking at all the CBD pet products, the most important consideration is if a CBD product uses an isolate or a full-spectrum oil. A full spectrum oil is the most potent and is derived from the entire plant.
The extraction of the oil takes place via a carbon dioxide process called CO2 extraction which entails using pressurized carbon dioxide to extract the CBD from the entire plant. CO2 functions as a solvent when reaching extreme temperatures, yet because it is under the boiling point, it’s cold. It is processed to create oil from the plant. It is also a clean and environmentally friendly process.
CBD Dog Treats
CBD edibles or dog treats make dosing easier for fussy dogs. Opt for natural, vegan,non-GMO, and US sourced and manufactured. CBD dog treats and edibles that are not organic or natural may contain pesticides, solvents or fungicides.
When choosing a CBD oil or dog treats for dogs with glaucoma , it will be necessary to do the following:
- Consult with your veterinarian
- Opt for a high-quality CBD oil or CBD dog treats. Read the dosage carefully.
- Explore the CBD company vigorously, and check if the product is veterinarian approved.
- Triple check dosing for glaucoma purposes and pain with a CBD savvy veterinarian.
- Read product reviews and comments.
- Read through research papers news articles, and check for recalls
- Don’t think that because the product is out there that it’s 100% safe to use. Research sourcing and manufacturing practices.
Nowadays, thanks to the internet, pet parents can do a lot of research. Your dog’s good health depends on you. Not only is it safe and non-toxic, but CBD oil can also give you peace of mind in that apart from helping dogs with glaucoma, it can also ease your dog’s pain as well.
With all the positive effects of CBD oil for dogs that may help treat anxiety, pain, cancer, seizures, joint pain, tumors, and glaucoma, full-spectrum hemp CBD products may be a good choice. As usual, consult with your veterinarian first.
Dog Glaucoma Home Remedies: The Top 10 Natural Treatments
Taking care of dogs is rewarding, but it isn’t always easy. If your dog suddenly develops an abnormal condition and you aren’t sure what to do, it can be very stressful. You only want what’s best for your pet, but sometimes you can’t afford extensive veterinary visits.
Luckily, some conditions can be treated relatively affordably at home. One such condition is glaucoma. If you have ever seen a dog, particularly an older one, with cloudy or discolored eyes, the dog likely has glaucoma. But what is it, and what are the home treatments you can use?
Here is a brief guide to glaucoma in dogs, and some natural, affordable remedies to make them comfortable without going for broke.
What is Glaucoma?
Glaucoma is a common eye disease in dogs that, if left untreated, can eventually lead to loss of vision and complete blindness . It is a chronic condition, and many canines suffer from primary glaucoma and secondary glaucoma.
Though the condition may be inherited, it is ultimately caused by decreased or blocked drainage of the aqueous humor in a dog’s eyes. Many veterinary treatments, such as eye drops, for the condition, target the drainage pathways. This blockage can eventually lead to permanent vision loss if the optic nerve is damaged.
Humans can suffer from glaucoma just as dogs do. Dog glaucoma causes an increase in eye pressure that can cause irreparable damage to your dog’s eyes, especially the optic nerve if left unchecked. Increased eye pressure is not the sole indicator of the eye disease , but it is most commonly associated with it. However, it is treatable and can even be handled with home remedies if caught early.
Primary glaucoma in dogs is an inherited disease and is the most common cause of decreased eye health in dogs. The risk increases as dogs get older, and there are some breeds more pre-dispositioned to develop it in later years. Some of these breeds include:
- Siberian Huskies
- English Cocker Spaniel
- Border Collies
- Basset Hounds
- Golden Retrievers
- Shiba Inus
- And more!
Secondary glaucoma is most often caused by a physical obstruction to the aqueous humor drainage pathways, affecting the pupil. This happens in primary as well, but in secondary, it is not due to an inherited trait. Canines with peculiar face shapes like the Chinese crested terrier or the shar-pei are more likely to develop it this way.
Symptoms of Glaucoma
Though different, both primary glaucoma and secondary glaucoma share common symptoms. The most common symptoms of glaucoma include:
- Constant, repetitive blinking
- Cloudiness or discoloration
- Dilated pupils
- Rubbing their eyes with their paws
- Redness in the blood vessels
- Loss of vision
- Swollen eye
If your dog shows any symptoms of glaucoma, it may be time to swing by the vet. If you can’t afford surgery or serious medical procedures, that’s okay. There are a few home remedies to treat more mild cases of dog glaucoma.
How to Treat Glaucoma in Dogs? 10 Best Remedies to Use
Like most medical conditions, dog glaucoma can be treated from home if the case is mild or caught early enough. So what are these dog glaucoma home remedies? Here are the top 10 best glaucoma relief options you can do right in your home.
1. Vitamin C
Low levels of Vitamin C in the body has been linked to vision loss. Dogs do make Vitamin C on their own, but adding it to their diet as a supplement isn’t a bad idea for their eye health. You can do it naturally by adding certain foods to their meals, such as dandelion or alfalfa powders. Be sure to do some research about how much you need to add.
You can also feed them Vitamin C supplements as a pill, but you should carefully dose out how much you have to feed them in these cases. Using foods naturally rich in Vitamin C is a safer route to go. Either way, though, adding this to their diet will definitely benefit your dog’s eyes.
Magnesium has been shown to improve blood flow by relaxing the blood vessels. This is another nutrient you can add to your dog’s diet in an easy way.
Phytoplankton, found in the ocean, are a great source of magnesium. A powder supplement has been created from this phytoplankton, and it can be easily absorbed into the body. Only a very small sprinkle is needed for most dogs.
CoQ10, or Coenzyme Q10, is a great resource for your dog’s overall health, not just as a glaucoma aid. It’s commonly used to treat nerve and inflammatory conditions in canines and other animals, and it’s totally safe for them to take.
You can find it in most pet stores on the shelves. You can add it to their food, which is probably the easiest route, or give it to them directly. The dosage varies by body weight.
Carotene, which is typically found in very colorful foods such as carrots, is especially beneficial to dogs’ eyes (and humans, too). Other foods contain carotenes and carotenoids if your dog is opposed to carrots, so don’t fret!
Carotenes are important to the formation and protection of cells in and around the eyes. Adding these to your dog’s food won’t magically repair their sight, but it will help keep their vision working longer and keep them strong for a while.
Bilberry extract comes from a plant similar to blueberries and is specifically known as the “vision herb.” The active ingredients in this extract have been proven to be beneficial to eye health and vision.
They are also rich in antioxidants. Antioxidants are important to overall health, not just their sight.
Fennel is another plant with known vision benefits, as well as other health factors. One way to use it to help your dog’s affliction is to make a wash by soaking fennel seeds in water. This “seed water” can help soothe the aches and inflammation caused by the disease.
If the eyewash seems like a hassle or you know your dog won’t be a fan of water on their face, you can easily add fennel to their dinner. The general rule of thumb is to add 1 tsp for every 10 pounds of your dog’s body weight.
7. Aconitum Napellus
Glaucoma can have a very quick onset in some dogs, adding to their distress. Aconitum Napellus is a homeopathic remedy typically used to treat shock and distress in canines, and it’s a good addition to a glaucoma treatment plan at home.
It’s safe for humans too. Consider adding it to the treatment regimen for your benefit and your pet’s. It doesn’t necessarily treat the symptoms themselves, but it helps relieve distress and shock from a sudden illness, including this one.
Spinach is another food rich in carotenoids but is often more palatable for dogs than carrots or other foods with beta-carotene. Spinach is also rich in iron, which is important for healthy blood flow. This, in addition to strengthening ocular tissue, makes spinach a very valuable at-home treatment.
The best option is to add raw, organic spinach into your dog’s normal dinnertime routine. Like fennel, a good rule of thumb is 1 tsp of spinach for every 10 pounds of your dog’s body weight.
This is a specific type of carotenoid, but unlike spinach and carrots, these are specifically keto-carotenoids. It’s mostly found in microalgae and shellfish, and it’s a powerful substance (in a good way). It’s one of the only substances that can actually cross the barrier to reach the retina and help protect the tissue and cells of the eye.
This can be given as a supplement in pill form, or your dog can get it naturally from wild-caught Pacific salmon.
10. CBD Oil
CBD oil is used mainly to relieve pain and discomfort for your dog . It doesn’t necessarily treat glaucoma directly, but it has been known to have anti-inflammatory properties.
A few studies are few and far between, where there was a possible link between ocular pressure and CBD oil. However, this connection is not confirmed, and many vets still recommend CBD oil for reducing discomfort from glaucoma.
Dog glaucoma is frightening and stressful for both you and your pet. It can also be significantly uncomfortable even in the early stages, and it’s totally normal to worry about affording treatment. The unfortunate reality of glaucoma in dogs is that there’s no way to completely prevent vision loss; however, you can ease their discomfort and the onset.
You can pay for the veterinary glaucoma treatments, or discuss these natural options with your vet to find out what will work for your pup. These methods are tried and true, and your dog’s comfort is the most important thing. If you’re tight on funds or are looking for a more natural solution that you can do at home, give a few of these methods a try.
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