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cannabis seeds growing

Cannabis seeds growing
It’s not necessary to use your powerful HPS or LED the first 10-14 days. CFL’s with a blue light spectrum (daylight/coolwhite) will get you very good results. Either built your own light fixture using T5/T8 sockets or buy 23-30W CFL’s with the standard European E27 lamp socket. Compare different bulbs and choose the ones with highest lumen output.

Rookie Guide: 3 Steps to Master the Seedling Stage

Mastering the delicate seedling stage is crucial to grow strong and healthy cannabis plants. Read this blog for further information on how to cultivate cannabis from seed to seedling.

CONTAINER AND GROWING MEDIUM

Before germinating our cannabis seeds, we make up our mind about containers and soil, assuming most rookies prefer soil due to simplicity. At this point, we already need to differentiate between autoflowering – and feminized/regular seeds.

A. POTS FOR AUTOFLOWERING SEEDS

Growers of autoflowering varieties will get best results when they plant the seed directly into the final pot, and need to pay very close attention to seedlings for the first three weeks. Mistakes in the vegetation period of autoflowering strains have fatal consequences, meaning low yields. Depending on the strain and growing method, pot sizes ranging from 5-15 liter can be used. The size of the pot will have an influence on the size of your plants, on yields, and on the frequency you water your plants. Tip: Airpots allow more oxygen to get to the root system and will boost vitality and final yields.

B. POTS FOR FEMINIZED SEEDS

Feminized- and regular cannabis varieties give growers the possibility do decide when the vegetation period ends, and the flowering period starts. This is why transplanting “feminized” seedlings is not such a big concern, in contrast to autoflowering strains. When a few days are lost due to stress recovery of the plant, growers simply increase the time-span of the vegetation period and compensates the loss of growth. Internet forums and grow reports can help to get you an idea what works best in terms of pot size(s) matching your setup.

C. GROWING MEDIUM

High quality organic soil that is “light” when it comes to pre-added nutrition works best.

GERMINATION TECHNIQUES

There are basically two different techniques that are commonly used to germinate cannabis seeds.

A. THE WET PAPER TOWEL METHOD

Carefully place your cannabis seeds between wet paper towels and place them in a sealable plastic container. Aim for high humidity levels inside the container, temperatures between 20-25 °C, and moist, but not overly wet paper towels. Check moisture and humidity levels regularly. Don’t completely close the container and allow some air exchange. This happens at a dark place.

B. GERMINATING SEEDS IN WATER

Simply drop your seeds into a glass of drinking water and wait 24-48 hours until seeds have cracked. Wait until you see the first few millimeters of the root, and make sure water temperatures are between 20-25 °C. Place your cup somewhere light doesn’t reach it.

ENVIRONMENT: LIGHT, HUMIDITY AND WATERING

After seeds have germinated, it’s time to plant them into the pots. Plant the seeds just 3-5 millimeters below the surface of the earth, ideally with the tiny root facing downwards. This can help to avoid time-loss and seeds don’t have to figure out how gravity works.

A. LIGHT

It’s not necessary to use your powerful HPS or LED the first 10-14 days. CFL’s with a blue light spectrum (daylight/coolwhite) will get you very good results. Either built your own light fixture using T5/T8 sockets or buy 23-30W CFL’s with the standard European E27 lamp socket. Compare different bulbs and choose the ones with highest lumen output.

B. HUMIDITY

Aim for humidity levels of approximately 70%. Small propagators can be an option if you start in very small containers but autoflowering growers planting in final pots need to monitor, and eventually raise, the humidity inside the grow room.

C. WATERING

This is by far the most important part when growing seedlings, and cannabis in general. Don’t overwater your plants due to overly high levels of affection for your cannabis plant! The root system has no motivation to grow if it’s constantly flooded with water. You need to find your individual rhythm or cycle between wet and dry. This will come over time and your seedlings will thrive if you pay close attention to watering. Remember, less is sometimes more!

Cannabis seeds growing
Cannabis extracts and concentrates provide highly efficient ways to get stoned, or medicated, if you prefer to put it this way. There is proof that mankind used cannabis extracts since the 18th century but humans used cannabis as a medicine way earlier in earth’s history.

Cannabis Concentrates and Extracts: A Quick Introduction

Cannabis is a plant full of highly valuable terpenes, cannabinoids, and flavourful resin. This blog describes different ways of extracting the desired compounds.

Cannabis extracts and concentrates provide highly efficient ways to get stoned, or medicated, if you prefer to put it this way. There is proof that mankind used cannabis extracts since the 18th century but humans used cannabis as a medicine way earlier in earth’s history.

It’s a fact that cannabis tinctures were often used by the royal upper class. Victoria, Queen of the United Kingdom and Ireland for example, used cannabis extracts to treat various medical conditions, and, to rule the empire in a laid-back and relaxed way, of course. Her majesty would have been one of Royal Queen Seeds’ best customers if we would have launched our genetics and CBD-Oil a few hundred years earlier. Anyway, we thought, better late than never.

One can observe the upcoming of various new types of concentrates, since the legal marijuana movement in the US allowed an industry to flourish, and yes, to literally grow. This blog is meant to give interested cannabis enthusiasts a quick introduction to different kinds of cannabis concentrates.

WHAT ARE CANNABIS CONCENTRATES IN GENERAL?

It may sounds like a silly question but why not define what we’re talking about before diving into the details. The technical process of extracting active ingredients, like THC or CBD for example, from the cannabis plant, is often more or less the same with different types of concentrates. Most of the time, temperatures play a superior role, meaning that the plant matter is often exposed to low or high temperatures, in order to collect as much trichome heads or -glands as possible.

There is a big variety of concentrates because all kinds of carrier materials, and different kinds of extraction methods are being used. The chosen carrier material, along with the specific method, gives the cannabis extract a certain texture, flavour, potency, and appearance.

BRIEF DIGRESSION: TRICHOMES

It makes sense to talk about trichomes in the context of extract production. It’s a wise decision to buy a good magnifying glass online, to observe the building and development of trichomes on your buds. The small ones that jewelers use to examine the quality of diamonds seem to work fine.

Back to trichomes, there are basically three different kinds:

1. Bulbous trichomes

They are the tiniest among trichomes, only 25-30 microns tall. The stalk and the head are both formed by only 1-4 cells. When plants are getting closer to reach their point of full maturity, they usually form a tiny little bubble with some resin in it.

2. Capitate-sessile trichomes

These trichomes can be found in much larger numbers than the bulbous trichomes. It appears as if these trichomes don’t really have a stalk, like if they would sit directly on the plant. The gland often consists of 8-16 cells, giving this trichome a total diameter of about 25-100 microns.

3. Capitate-stalked trichomes

These trichomes are also known as glandular trichomes, and are perfect for any kind of extract or concentrate production. They are the largest in size, with 150-500 microns, and are responsible for producing the majority of cannabinoids. Extract production usually works from the phenomenon that heads of capitates-stalked trichomes, can be easily separated from the stalk. The reason for this is a layer of cells, separating the head, and the stalk of a trichome. This layer of cells gets broken down, and trichome heads are collected in some kind of carrier material.

DIFFERENT TYPES OF CONCENTRATES AND EXTRACTS

1. BHO (Butane Hash Oil)

Butane Hash Oil or BHO is the generic term for things like shatter, wax/budder, crumble, and pull-and-snap, things we ‘re going to talk about later. What sounds delicious and potent usually is delicious and potent! So called “dabbers” commonly use BHO’s to get the desired effect, without having to smoke vast amounts of bud. The organic compound butane (C4H10) is being used to extract terpenes, CBD, and THC, from the plant matter. Butane is highly flammable what makes a certain expertise necessary to produce BHO’s. Obstacles are there to be overcome though. THC levels of more than 80% should be motivation enough.

2. Ice-Water Hash (Bubble Hash)

This is the most common way for hobby growers to produce delicious, high-quality hash. You can buy many different kinds of kits online, all working by the principle of exposing buds and trim to very cold water, with ice cubes or crushed ice in it. The very low temperatures help to strip the trichomes from the plant matter. By filtering the cannabinoid-infused liquid through bags that have different sized mesh material at the bottom, one can produce home-made hash. Ice-water hash is also something that can be a good alternative to cannabutter, when large amounts of trimmings need to be processed after harvest.

3. Fresh-frozen Hash (Live Resin)

Fresh-frozen Hash or live resin is an upcoming phenomenon among hash makers. It can be another option with a few advantages in comparison to the classic ice-water method. It’s so successful because it can produce similar amounts of hash from the same amount of plant matter but in a much better quality. The flavours are closer to the original aromas of the plant because one uses freshly harvested plants, in the case of live resin for instance. By only cooling the flowers to about 4 °C, and not freezing them, ice crystals won’t build inside the plants cells. With no ice crystals that can bust open cell walls, which leads to a release of great amounts of chlorophyll in our final product, we can observe a much purer quality, and better taste. Here is a link to a blog that provides more information on live resin.

4. Kief (a.k.a dry sift)

The extraction method to produce kief is rather simple and works mechanically, without any kind of carrier material or solvent. It’s the stuff most grinders have an individual compartment for, at the bottom. By running dry plant material through screens with different sizes, trichomes are forced mechanically to fall off the buds or trimmings. Having some natural “angel dust” in your stash box, to spice up a spliff from time to time, is definitely nice.

5. Wax (or Budder)

Wax is a wonderful thing to smoke. The name derives from the fact that those extracts have a waxy and soft consistency. Butane is getting pushed through the plant matter with the result of extracting large parts of essential oils and active ingredients. After evaporating the remaining butane, one gets this highly potent wax, with THC levels of sometimes over 90%. Potheads and patients who experienced problems with a high tolerance to THC because of frequent consumption, only need to smoke tiny amounts of wax, to reach the desired effect.

6. Shatter

This type of Butane Hash Oil uses the exact same extraction method that is being used to produce wax or budder. The big difference is the glass-like consistency in the stable form of the final product. It can be broken into tiny pieces, just like shattered glass. Shatter is made by applying higher temperatures at the end of the BHO process, resulting in more moisture being released from the wax, leaving highly potent shatter behind.

7. CO2 Oil (often CBD Oil)

Using CO2 to extract the desired compounds of cannabis from the plant is also very common. CO2, together with a good amount of pressure, forces compounds like THC, CBD, and terpenes, out of the plants cells. Royal Queen Seeds is offering a premium 4% CBD Oil that is made by experts, constantly quality-checked and monitored, just to ensure to maintain the highest quality available on the European market today. This can be a good option when you came to the conclusion to try some CBD Oil, before investing large sums in technical equipment to make your own. Queen Victoria would have done the same!